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Dezentralisierung und Korruption: erste Erfahrungen aus Indonesien


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  • Bert Hofmann
  • Kai Kaiser
  • Günther G. Schulze


We analyze the effect of decentralization on the corruption level for the Indonesian example. From a theoretical perspective this effect is undetermined a priori - decentralization brings the decision-making process closer to the people and thus facilitates participation and accountability and sets off an interjurisdictional competition, which both tends to lower corruption. However, in developing countries local political processes are often less transparent and administrations suffer from severe capacity constraints and inefficiencies. We analyze the impact effects of Indonesia's far-reaching decentralization in 2001 on corruption through a very encompassing survey and find that the overall level has remained unaltered, but that corruption has shifted to those institutions that have gained power. We also investigate the determinants of local corruption levels which differ very substantially across Indonesia. Wir analysieren die Wirkung der Dezentralisierung auf die Korruption am Beispiel Indonesiens. Aus theoretischer Sicht ist der Effekt unbestimmt: Zwar erhöht die größere Nähe der Betroffenen zu den Entscheidungsprozessen ihre Eingriffs- und Partizipationsmöglichkeiten, und auch der interjurisdiktionelle Wettbewerb senkt tendenziell das Korruptionsniveau, doch ist in Entwicklungsländern auf der lokalen Ebene der politische Prozess oft weniger transparent und die Bürokratie ineffizienter. Wir untersuchen mithilfe einer umfangreichen Befragung die ersten Erfahrungen Indonesiens, das 2001 eine sehr weitreichende Dezentralisierung implementiert hat, und finden, dass das durchschnittliche Korruptionsniveau wenig verändert ist, aber sich die Korruption systematisch zu den Institutionen verlagert hat, deren Entscheidungskompetenzen sich vergrößert haben. Schließlich analysieren wir die Determinanten der regional sehr unterschiedlichen Korruptionsniveaus.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 73 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 226-246

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:73-20-5

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  1. Ruben Enikolopov & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2004. "Decentralization and Political Institutions," Economics Working Papers, Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science 0045, Institute for Advanced Study, School of Social Science.
  2. Fisman, Raymond & Gatti, Roberta, 2000. "Decentralization and corruption - evidence across countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2290, The World Bank.
  3. Alberto Alesina & Reza Baqir & William Easterly, 1999. "Public Goods And Ethnic Divisions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1243-1284, November.
  4. Bjorn Frank & Guenther G. Schulze, 2000. "Deterrence versus Intrinsic Motivation: Experimental Evidence on the Determinants of Corruptibility," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers, Econometric Society 0950, Econometric Society.
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  8. Fitria Fitrani & Bert Hofman & Kai Kaiser, 2005. "Unity in diversity? The creation of new local governments in a decentralising Indonesia," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(1), pages 57-79.
  9. Jones, Mark P. & Sanguinetti, Pablo & Tommasi, Mariano, 2000. "Politics, institutions, and fiscal performance in a federal system: an analysis of the Argentine provinces," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 305-333, April.
  10. Timothy Besley & Robin Burgess, 2000. "The Political Economy of Government Responsiveness: Theory and Evidence from India," STICERD - Development Economics Papers - From 2008 this series has been superseded by Economic Organisation and Public Policy Discussion Papers, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics 28, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  11. Dilip Mookherjee & Pranab K. Bardhan, 2000. "Capture and Governance at Local and National Levels," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 135-139, May.
  12. Easterly, W & Levine, R, 1996. "Africa's Growth Tragedy : Policies and Ethnic Divisions," Papers, Harvard - Institute for International Development 536, Harvard - Institute for International Development.
  13. Kuncoro, Ari, 2002. "The new laws of decentralization and corruption in Indonesia:examination of provincial and district data," ERSA conference papers ersa02p053, European Regional Science Association.
  14. Kaufmann, Daniel & Kraay, Aart & Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo, 1999. "Governance matters," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2196, The World Bank.
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