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Interest Rate Setting and the Colombian Monetary Transmission Mechanism

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  • Carlos Andrés Amaya

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    Abstract

    This paper is concerned with interest rate setting by commercialbanks and how the transmission of monetary policy is reflectedin these rates. For this purpose we study the case of theColombian banking industry for the period 1996-2004. Usingmicrodata, the Certificate of Deposit (CD) market and the creditmarket are studied for a balanced panel of 21 and 16 banks,respectively. Overcoming some of the empirical dificultiespresented in other studies, this paper performs panel unit roottests and panel cointegration tests. The results suggest that thetransmission of the policy rate to the CD rate and the credit rateis on average high and quick. Additionally, rates react strongly to inflation shocks,specially credit rates. Finally, the evidence presented shows the importance ofbanks’ characteristics and inflation as long-run drivers of interest rates.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

    Volume (Year): (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
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    Handle: RePEc:col:000107:002911

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    Keywords: banks; monetary policy; interest rates; panel data;

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    1. Leonardo Gambacorta, 2005. "How Do Banks Set Interest Rates?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 542, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    2. Esteban Gómez & Diego Vásquez & Camilo Zea, 2005. "Derivative Markets' Impact On Colombian Monetary Policy," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002277, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Alessandro Rebucci & Marco A Espinosa-Vega, 2003. "Retail Bank Interest Rate Pass-Through," IMF Working Papers 03/112, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Hannan, Timothy H & Berger, Allen N, 1991. "The Rigidity of Prices: Evidence from the Banking Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 938-45, September.
    5. Juan Manuel Julio, 2001. "Relación entre la Tasa de Intervención del Banco de la República y las Tasas del Mercado :Una Exploración Empírica," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003450, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    6. Rolf Larsson & Johan Lyhagen & Mickael Lothgren, 2001. "Likelihood-based cointegration tests in heterogeneous panels," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 4(1), pages 41.
    7. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
    8. Dairo Estrada, . "Efectos de las fusiones sobre el mercado financiero colombiano," Borradores de Economia 329, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    9. Carlo Cottarelli & Angeliki Kourelis, 1994. "Financial Structure, Bank Lending Rates, and the Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 41(4), pages 587-623, December.
    10. Angeliki Kourelis & Carlo Cottarelli, 1994. "Financial Structure, Bank Lending Rates, and the Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy," IMF Working Papers 94/39, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Solange Berstein & J. Rodrigo Fuentes, 2004. "Is There Lendign Rate Stickiness in the Chilean Banking Industry?," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Luis Antonio Ahumada & J. Rodrigo Fuentes & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Banking Market Structure and Monetary Policy, edition 1, volume 7, chapter 6, pages 183-210 Central Bank of Chile.
    12. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
    13. Adolfo Barajas & Roberto Steiner & Natalia Salazar, 1999. "Interest Spreads in Banking in Colombia, 1974-96," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 46(2), pages 4.
    14. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    15. Arellano, Manuel & Bond, Stephen, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(2), pages 277-97, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Serge Jeanneau & Camilo E Tovar, 2008. "Domestic securities markets and monetary policy in Latin America: overview and implications," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), New financing trends in Latin America: a bumpy road towards stability, volume 36, pages 140-163 Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Bank for International Settlements, 2007. "Evolving banking systems in Latin America and the Caribbean: challenges and implications for monetary policy and financial stability," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 33, May.
    3. Bank for International Settlements & Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, 2008. "New financing trends in Latin America: a bumpy road towards stability," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 36, May.
    4. Luis Eduardo Arango & Andrés González & John Jairo León & Luis Fernando Melo, . "Efectos de los cambios en la tasa de intervención del Banco de la República sobre la estructura a plazo," Borradores de Economia 424, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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