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The Persistence and Pricing of the Cash Component of Earnings

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  • PATRICIA M. DECHOW
  • SCOTT A. RICHARDSON
  • RICHARD G. SLOAN
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    Abstract

    ABSTRACT Prior research shows that the cash component of earnings is more persistent than the accrual component. We decompose the cash component into: (1) the change in the cash balance, (2) issuances/distributions to debt, and (3) issuances/distributions to equity. We find that the higher persistence of the cash component is entirely due to the subcomponent related to equity. The other subcomponents have persistence levels almost identical to accruals. We investigate whether investors understand the implications of the differential persistence of the three subcomponents. Our results suggest that investors correctly price debt and equity issuances/distributions but misprice the change in the cash balance in a similar manner to accruals. Our tests enable us to empirically distinguish the "accrual" and "external financing" anomalies with results implying that the accrual anomaly subsumes the external financing anomaly. Our results also suggest that naive fixation on earnings is unlikely to be a complete explanation for the accrual anomaly. Our findings are more consistent with investors misunderstanding diminishing returns to new investments. Copyright (c)University of Chicago on behalf of the Institute of Professional Accounting, 2008.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Accounting Research.

    Volume (Year): 46 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 3 (06)
    Pages: 537-566

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:joares:v:46:y:2008:i:3:p:537-566

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    Cited by:
    1. Dechow, Patricia & Ge, Weili & Schrand, Catherine, 2010. "Understanding earnings quality: A review of the proxies, their determinants and their consequences," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 344-401, December.
    2. Richardson, Scott & Tuna, Irem & Wysocki, Peter, 2010. "Accounting anomalies and fundamental analysis: A review of recent research advances," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 410-454, December.
    3. Venter, Elmar R. & Cahan, Steven F. & Emanuel, David, 2013. "Mandatory Earnings Disaggregation and the Persistence and Pricing of Earnings Components," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 26-53.
    4. Kenneth Lorek & Donald Pagach, 2012. "The impact of accruals and lines of business on analysts’ earnings forecast superiority," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 39(3), pages 293-308, October.
    5. Georgios Papanastasopoulos & Dimitrios Thomakos & Tao Wang, 2010. "The implications of retained and distributed earnings for future profitability and stock returns," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 9(4), pages 395 - 423, November.
    6. Santanu Mitra & Mahmud Hossain, 2011. "Corporate governance attributes and remediation of internal control material weaknesses reported under SOX Section 404," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 10(1), pages 5 - 29, February.
    7. Lewellen, Jonathan, 2010. "Accounting anomalies and fundamental analysis: An alternative view," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2-3), pages 455-466, December.
    8. Balakrishnan, Karthik & Bartov, Eli & Faurel, Lucile, 2010. "Post loss/profit announcement drift," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 20-41, May.
    9. Fonseka, M.M. & Samarakoon, Lalith P. & Tian, Gao-Liang, 2012. "Equity financing capacity and stock returns: Evidence from China," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 1277-1291.

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