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Politische und unternehmerische Clusteraktivitäten im Maschinen- und Anlagenbau


  • Berthold, Norbert
  • Rieger, Jörg


Clusterpolitische Aktivitäten liegen in Deutschland und Europa im Trend. Sie sollen die regionale Ballung der Wirtschaft fördern und Kooperationen zwischen Unternehmen sowie mit Forschungseinrichtungen stärken. Die Schlagworte des Spitzenclusterwettbewerbs des Ministeriums für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) lauten: Mehr Innovation. Mehr Wachstum. Mehr Beschäftigung. Dass die Politik auf den Zug mit der Lokomotive Clusterförderung aufgesprungen ist, zeigen auch unzählige regionale Initiativen. Erfolgreiche Unternehmensnetzwerke versprechen positive Wachstums- und Beschäftigungseffekte. Diese Lokalisationsvorteile legitimieren allerdings noch kein staatliches Handeln. Die notwendige Bedingung für politische Maßnahmen ist eine suboptimale Clusterdichte. Hinreichend wird sie er, wenn die Politik mit ihren Clusteraktivitäten nicht noch größere Wohlfahrtsverluste verursacht. Im Folgenden werden anhand einer durchgeführten Umfrage unter Maschinen- und Anlagenbauern in Deutschland die theoretischen Überlegungen empirisch überprüft.

Suggested Citation

  • Berthold, Norbert & Rieger, Jörg, 2010. "Politische und unternehmerische Clusteraktivitäten im Maschinen- und Anlagenbau," Discussion Paper Series 109, Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg, Chair of Economic Order and Social Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wuewwb:109

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