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Optimale Fiskalpolitik und endogenes Wachstum

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  • Molzahn, Alexander

Abstract

Dieser Aufsatz analysiert die Effekte der staatlichen Steuer- und Subventionspolitik hinsichtlich ihrer Wirkung auf das langfristige Wirtschaftswachstum. Untersucht werden mehrere einkommens- und gewinnabhängige Steuern auf Haushalts- und Unternehmensebene sowie eine von den Haushalten erhobene Konsumsteuer. Darüber hinaus werden Bildungs- und Forschungssubventionen in die Untersuchung miteingeschlossen. Mit einer Ausnahme weisen die betrachteten Steuern, ebenso wie die Forschungssubventionen, lediglich einen Niveaueffekt auf. Die Lohnsteuer sowie die Bildungssubventionen besitzen hingegen einen direkten positiven Einfluss auf die im Gleichgewicht auftretenden Wachstumsraten, da sie in der Ausbildungsentscheidung der Haushalte berücksichtigt werden und Anreize zu vermehrter Humankapitalakkumulation stiften. Es stellt sich allerdings heraus, dass im Rahmen dieses Modells keine staatlichen Ausbildungsanreize notwendig sind um die Haushalte zu einer wohlfahrtsoptimalen Ausbildungsentscheidung zu bewegen.

Suggested Citation

  • Molzahn, Alexander, 2004. "Optimale Fiskalpolitik und endogenes Wachstum," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 285, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuedps:285
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    Keywords

    Endogenes Wachstum; Steuerpolitik; Subventionspolitik; Humankapital; Innovationen; Optimale Fiskalpolitik;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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