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Zur Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der ostdeutschen Landwirtschaft nach der EU-Osterweiterung
[Competitive ability of east german agriculture – An efficiency analysis of farms in Saxony-Anhalt and the Czech Republic]

Author

Listed:
  • Rothe, Andrea
  • Lissitsa, Alexej

Abstract

Den Schwerpunkt dieses Discussion Papers bildet eine Effizienzanalyse landwirtschaftlicher Unternehmen Sachsen-Anhalts und Tschechiens. Mittels der Data Envelopment Analysis, einer nicht-parametrischen, auf linearer Programmierung basierenden Methode der Effizienzmessung, wurden die technischen, reinen technischen und Skaleneffizienzen der Agrarunternehmen kurz vor der Osterweiterung untersucht. Ziel war es, signifikante Unterschiede zwischen Unternehmen verschiedener Rechtsformen, Betriebstypen und Betriebsgrößen zu identifizieren, um Rückschlüsse auf die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit des ostdeutschen Agrarsektors zu ziehen. Es hat sich gezeigt, dass im Untersuchungszeitraum massive Unsicherheiten auftraten. Ungünstige Witterungsbedingungen, steigende Betriebsmittelpreise sowie sinkende Erzeugerpreise wirkten sich in beiden Ländern effizienzmindernd aus. Die Effizienz zahlreicher Agrarunternehmen Sachsen-Anhalts wurde darüber hinaus durch den verstärkten Bodenkauf negativ beeinflusst, während in Tschechien insbesondere akute Probleme im betriebsinternen Bereich auftraten.

Suggested Citation

  • Rothe, Andrea & Lissitsa, Alexej, 2005. "Zur Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der ostdeutschen Landwirtschaft nach der EU-Osterweiterung
    [Competitive ability of east german agriculture – An efficiency analysis of farms in Saxony-Anhalt and the Czech
    ," IAMO Discussion Papers 87, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:14868
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Efficiency; productivity; transition; Data Envelopment Analysis; Effizienz; Produktivität; Transformation; Data Envelopment Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • P3 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions

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