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A Real-Business-Cycle model with pollution and environmental taxation: the case of Bulgaria

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  • Vasilev, Aleksandar

Abstract

We introduce an environmental dimension into a real-business-cycle model augmented with a detailed government sector. We calibrate the model to Bulgarian data for the period following the introduction of the currency board arrangement (1999-2016). We investigate the quantitative importance of utility-enhancing environmental quality, and the mechanics of environmental ("carbon") tax on polluting production, as well as the effect of government spending on pollution abatement over the cycle. In particular, a positive shock to pollution emission in the model works like a positive technological shock, but its effect is quantitatively very small. Allowing for pollution as a by-product of production improves the model performance against data, and in addition this extended setup dominates the standard RBC model framework, e.g., Vasilev (2009).

Suggested Citation

  • Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2018. "A Real-Business-Cycle model with pollution and environmental taxation: the case of Bulgaria," EconStor Preprints 175648, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:esprep:175648
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/175648/1/env_RBC_v4.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2015. "Welfare gains from the adoption of proportional taxation in a general-equilibrium model with a grey economy: the case of Bulgaria's 2008 flat tax reform," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 169-185.
    2. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2017. "VAT Evasion in Bulgaria: A General-Equilibrium Approach," Review of Economics and Institutions, Università di Perugia, vol. 8(2).
    3. repec:fau:fauart:v:68:y:2018:i:4:p:399-414 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2017. "Business Cycle Accounting: Bulgaria after the introduction of the currency board arrangement (1999-2014)," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    5. Aleksandar Vasilev, 2016. "Search and Matching Frictions and Business Cycle Fluctuations in Bulgaria," Bulgarian Economic Papers (www.bep.bg) bep-2016-03, St Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration / Center for Economic Theories and Policies, revised Feb 2016.
    6. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2018. "Optimal fiscal policy in the presence of VAT evasion: the case of Bulgaria," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    7. Annicchiarico, Barbara & Di Dio, Fabio, 2015. "Environmental policy and macroeconomic dynamics in a new Keynesian model," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 1-21.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Vasilev, Aleksandar, 2018. "Optimal fiscal policy with environmental tax and abatement spending in a model with pollution and utility-enhancing environmental quality: the case of Bulgaria," EconStor Preprints 175661, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    2. repec:zbw:espost:182521 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Maria Teresa Punzi, 2018. "Role of Bank Lending in Financing Green Projects: A Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Approach," Working Papers id:12938, eSocialSciences.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business cycles; pollution; environmental quality; environmental tax; abatement spending;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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