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Mainstream, Orthodoxie und Heterodoxie: Zur Klassifizierung der Wirtschaftswissenschaften

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  • Hirte, Katrin
  • Thieme, Sebastian

Abstract

[Kritisches Resümee und Ausblick] Der Versuch, die Wirtschaftswissenschaften anhand der schon bestehenden Ausarbeitungen zu klassifizieren, ist mit einer Reihe von Problemen konfrontiert. Die Schwierigkeiten beginnen bereits mit den unterschiedlichen und teils synonymen Begrifflichkeiten, mit denen in der wissenschaftlichen Debatte und der ideengeschichtlichen Literatur die Wirtschaftswissenschaften für gewöhnlich charakterisiert werden. Ergänzt wird das durch Widersprüche, die z. B. dadurch zu Stande kommen, dass einzelne Autoren zwischen 'sozialen' und 'intellektuellen' Klassifizierungskategorien unterscheiden wollen, sich aber beide Kategorien dann wieder deutlich überlagern. In der Summe erklären sich aus diesen konzeptionellen und begrifflichen Schwierigkeiten sowohl die Heterogenität der Klassifizierungsansätze als auch der wissenschaftliche Streit, der um sie entbrennt. Hinzu tritt, dass die Klassifizierungsversuche die Nähe zu den Ideen von Thomas S. Kuhn oder Imre Lakatos suchen, die dafür notwendige ideengeschichtliche Erforschung im Grunde genommen aber erst noch aussteht (siehe Abschnitt 1.4). Ein wesentlicher Mangel ist zudem die Eindimensionalität der Klassifizierungen entweder entlang an Axiomen oder fixiert auf das methodische Vorgehen, ohne zu einer erkenntnistheoretischen und prinzipiell offenen Fundierung vorzudringen. Deshalb sind die bisher vorliegenden Klassifizierungsansätze heterogen und strittig sowie in aller Regel durch eine unbefriedigende Fundierung gekennzeichnet. (...)

Suggested Citation

  • Hirte, Katrin & Thieme, Sebastian, 2013. "Mainstream, Orthodoxie und Heterodoxie: Zur Klassifizierung der Wirtschaftswissenschaften," Discussion Papers 38, University of Hamburg, Centre for Economic and Sociological Studies (CESS/ZÖSS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cessdp:38
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Kniepert, 2016. "What to teach, when teaching economics as a minor subject?," Working Papers 632016, Institute for Sustainable Economic Development, Department of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna.

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