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An Analysis of the Relative Performance of Japanese and Foreign Money Management

Author

Listed:
  • WILLIAM N. GOETZMANN

    () (Yale School of Management)

  • STEPHEN J. BROWN

    () (NYU Stern School of Business)

  • TAKATO HIRAKI

    () (International University of Japan)

  • NORIYOSHI SHIRAISHI

    () (Rikkyo University)

Abstract

Foreign investment management firms have recently started to play a major role in the investment trust business in Japan. In terms of assets under management, their size and market share have almost doubled in the past several years. In part, the relative success of foreign managed firms in attracting market share may be attributed to the fact that Japanese investment trusts have underperformed benchmarks in quite a dramatic fashion over the past two decades. This is at best indirect evidence that Japanese funds underperform their foreign counterparts. In a recent paper (Brown, Goetzmann, Hiraki, Otsuki and Shiraishi 2001) we show that the underperformance can be attributed almost entirely to the unique tax environment of Japanese investment trusts, which had the effect of heavily penalizing early withdrawals. The relaxation of these regulations coincided with a major inflow of new money into the investment trust business. We examine the relative performance of Japanese and foreign investment management firms before and after this change in tax regulations, and find that the poor relative performance of Japanese funds from April 2000 through December 2001 may in part be attributed to the huge inflow of new money into this sector and the style shifts made necessary to accommodate this flow.

Suggested Citation

  • William N. Goetzmann & Stephen J. Brown & Takato Hiraki & Noriyoshi Shiraishi, 2004. "An Analysis of the Relative Performance of Japanese and Foreign Money Management," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm6, Yale School of Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ysm:somwrk:ysm6
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Stephen Brown & William Goetzmann & Takato Hiraki & Noriyoshi Shiraishi & Masahiro Watanabe, 2002. "Investor Sentiment in Japanese and U.S. Daily Mutual Fund Flows," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm274, Yale School of Management, revised 01 Apr 2008.
    2. Brown, Stephen J. & Goetzmann, William N., 1997. "Mutual fund styles," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 373-399, March.
    3. Cai, Jun & Chan, K C & Yamada, Takeshi, 1997. "The Performance of Japanese Mutual Funds," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 10(2), pages 237-273.
    4. Ferson, Wayne E & Schadt, Rudi W, 1996. " Measuring Fund Strategy and Performance in Changing Economic Conditions," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(2), pages 425-461, June.
    5. Fung, William & Hsieh, David A, 1997. "Empirical Characteristics of Dynamic Trading Strategies: The Case of Hedge Funds," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 10(2), pages 275-302.
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    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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