IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Bank Intermediation and Small Business Lending

Listed author(s):
  • Susanne Prantl
  • Matthias Almus
  • Jürgen Egeln
  • Dirk Engel

Loan financing, especially long term bank loan financing, is important for young or small firms in Germany. A large share of all small business lending in Germany originates in public financing programs and cooperative banks, (non-cooperative) private sector credit banks as well as savings banks mediate in the assignment of loans from these programs. Our empirical analyses of this loan type provide insights into the small business loan assignment behavior of the three different bank groups in general. Using various econometric techniques, observation periods and data sources -including detailed data on 6.880 firms- we find three robust, originate results: Not only recently, but already at the beginning of the 1990s credit banks played no substantial, statistically significant role in small business lending. Cooperative and savings banks have, in contrast, a strong, significant positive influence on young, small firms’ loan access. In addition, the loan assignment behavior of the two latter groups is found to be very similar. This is an important result given the ongoing controversial discussion on reforming the German savings bank sector. ZUSAMMENFASSUNG - (Bankintermediation bei der Kreditvergabe an junge oder kleine Unternehmen) In diesem Beitrag wird das Verhalten von Genossenschaftsbanken, Kreditbanken und Sparkassen bei der Vergabe langfristiger Kredite an junge, kleine Unternehmen untersucht. Dies geschieht am Beispiel von Krediten aus öffentlichen Förderprogrammen, die in Deutschland einen substantiellen Anteil aller langfristigen KMU-Kredite ausmachen und deren Allokation die drei Bankengruppen direkt involviert. Entsprechend erlauben die empirischen Analysen Rückschlüsse auf die allgemeinen Vergabestrategien der Bankengruppen bei KMU-Krediten. Unter Verwendung verschiedener Schätzverfahren, Analysezeiträume und Datenquellen, darunter detaillierte Unternehmensdaten für 6.880 Unternehmen, können wir drei robuste, in dieser Form einmalige Hauptresultate aufzeigen: Kreditbanken spielen nicht erst in jüngerer Vergangenheit, sondern auch schon zu Beginn der 90er Jahre keine starke, statistisch signifikante Rolle bei der Kreditversorgung der Mehrheit junger, kleiner Unternehmen. Genossenschaftsbanken und Sparkassen haben nicht nur im Gegensatz zu Kreditbanken substantielle, signifikant positive Einflüsse, sondern die Effekte dieser beiden Bankgruppen sind zudem sehr ähnlich. Dieses letzte Ergebnis ist von besonderem Interesse im Rahmen der aktuellen Kontroverse um Reformen für den deutschen Sparkassensektor.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: Full text (original version)
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG) in its series CIG Working Papers with number SP II 2006-21.

in new window

Length: 57 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2006
Handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:spii2006-21
Note: Available only in German!
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Reichpietschufer 50, 10785 Berlin, Germany

Phone: (++49)(30) 25491-441
Fax: (++49)(30) 25491-442
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wzb:wzebiv:spii2006-21. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jennifer Rontganger)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.