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Crecimiento, Instituciones Y Convergencia En Mexico Considerando A La Frontera Norte


  • Alejandro Diaz-Bautista



El presente estudio se centra en uno de los problemas económicos regionales fundamentales de nuestra época: el desenvolvimiento económico de la convergencia y el crecimiento en las regiones considerando a las instituciones. El estudio se ocupa de revisar la literatura teórica del crecimiento económico, y en particular por algunos de los desarrollos teóricos y empíricos que han tenido lugar recientemente en el campo de la convergencia económica. De igual forma, el estudio analiza la convergencia regional en México y aborda los fundamentos teóricos y empíricos en el cual las instituciones juegan un papel importante en el proceso de integración regional en México y en especial en la frontera norte. Finalmente, se realiza un análisis empírico de la convergencia regional de largo plazo para los estados de México, introduciendo una variable de corrupción dentro de las instituciones, una variable de frontera, controlando con una variable de capital humano regional. Los resultados estiman una tasa anual de convergencia de entre -0.018% a 4.1% para el periodo de 1970 a 2001, cuando se toman en cuenta los efectos de las variables institucionales, de capital humano y de frontera. The present study is focused on one of the main economic problems of our time, the study of regional economic convergence and economic growth with consideration to institutions. The study conducts a literature review on the theoretical and empirical works of economic growth, with emphasis in regional centered on the regional convergence of the Mexican states taking into consideration institutional and border state factors. The empirical analysis estimates an annual rate of convergence that varies from -0.018% to 4.1% for the period between 1970 and 2001, when controlling for human capital, institutional and border effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Diaz-Bautista, 2004. "Crecimiento, Instituciones Y Convergencia En Mexico Considerando A La Frontera Norte," Urban/Regional 0409006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0409006
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 30. Paper Published in Estudios Fronterizos, Nueva Época,Vol.3, núm. 6, julio-diciembre de 2002. Díaz- Bautista es Doctor en Economía por la Universidad de California, Irvine. Licenciado en Economía por el ITAM. Profesor-Investigador de Economía, Departamento de Estudios Económicos, COLEF.

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    Cited by:

    1. García Callejas, Danny, 2011. "Per Capita GDP Convergence in South America, 1960-2007," Borradores Departamento de Economía 008983, Universidad de Antioquia - CIE.

    More about this item


    Economic Growth; Institutions; Mexico; Regional Convergence;

    JEL classification:

    • R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics


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