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Various methods of balancing of the macro SAM of Tunisia during the year 2000


  • Haykel Hadj Salem

    (GAINS - University of Maine France)


This paper has the aim to present the various methods of balancing applied to the macroeconomic Social Accounting Matrix (macro SAM) of Tunisia during the year 2000. These methods (method of entropy, method of least squares....) were used by the modellers of Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) whose want to balance the totals in columns and the totals in lines of the SAM of the developing countries in question. To be able to be regarded as the base of data of a CGE model, the matrix must check the principle balance of the totals in columns and in lines of each one of these accounts.

Suggested Citation

  • Haykel Hadj Salem, 2004. "Various methods of balancing of the macro SAM of Tunisia during the year 2000," Computational Economics 0410005, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpco:0410005
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 14

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. McDaniel, Christine A. & Balistreri, Edward J., 2002. "A Discussion on Armington Trade Substitution Elasticities," Working Papers 15856, United States International Trade Commission, Office of Economics.
    2. Frank H. Fuller & John C. Beghin & Samarendu Mohanty & Jacinto F. Fabiosa & Cheng Fang & Phillip Kaus, 1999. "Impact of the Berlin Accord and European Enlargement on Dairy Markets, The," Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) Publications 99-wp231, Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at Iowa State University.
    3. Schiff, Maurice & Winters, L Alan, 1998. "Regional Integration as Diplomacy," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 12(2), pages 271-295, May.
    4. Arjan Lejour & Ruud de Mooij & Richard Nahuis, 2001. "EU enlargement: economic implications for countries and industries," CPB Document 11, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    5. Shoven, John B & Whalley, John, 1984. "Applied General-Equilibrium Models of Taxation and International Trade: An Introduction and Survey," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 22(3), pages 1007-1051, September.
    6. Herok, Claudia A. & Lotze, Hermann, 2000. "Implications of an EU Eastern Enlargement Under a New Common Agricultural Policy," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 661-690, November.
    7. Hertel, Thomas W., 2002. "Applied general equilibrium analysis of agricultural and resource policies," Handbook of Agricultural Economics,in: B. L. Gardner & G. C. Rausser (ed.), Handbook of Agricultural Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 26, pages 1373-1419 Elsevier.
    8. Maurice Schiff & L. Alan Winters, 2003. "Regional Integration and Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15172.
    9. Erno Zalai, 1998. "Computable Equilibrium Modelling and Application to Economies in Transition," CERT Discussion Papers 9804, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    10. Wonnacott, Paul & Wonnacott, Ronald, 1981. "Is Unilateral Tariff Reduction Preferable to a Customs Union? The Curious Case of the Missing Foreign Tariffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 704-714, September.
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    More about this item


    Social Accounting Matrix; Least Square; norm L1; norm L infinite; method of entropy; balancing;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables


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