On the Evolution of Polygamy: A Theoretical Examination of the Polygamy Threshold Model
The polygamy threshold model states that if costs incurred are less than the benefits gained from a polygamous relationship in terms of male or habitat quality, then polygamy is favored and could evolve. Here we construct mathematical models and computer simulations to evaluate this hypothesis theoretically. In the basic model, there is a single locus with two alleles, where this locus regulates whether or not the female is receptive to polygamy. There are two habitats of different quality for which females vie, and on which males randomly assort themselves. This basic model is extended mathematically to include cost to the initial female of a polygamously mated male and again to include gene expression in males. The computer simulations extend the basic model to multiple loci and alleles, and to multiple habitats. The results presented here suggest that the polygamy threshold model is valid in a population genetic context -- in all cases in which the fitness of females that actually mated polygamously is greater than the fitness of monogamous females on poorer habitats, polygamy evolved. However, using this approach revealed interesting dynamics not apparent from the original verbal model. If the trait is expressed in males and females, then polygamy can evolve even if females mating polygamously have a lower fitness than females mating monogamously. In the multiple habitat model, the polygamy allele increases to some equilibrium value above which it experiences no selection. Surprisingly, as the cost to polygamy increases, the equilibrium value of the polygamy allele also increases.
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2001|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.santafe.edu/sfi/publications/working-papers.html
More information through EDIRC
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wop:safiwp:01-01-001. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.