Urban Logistics in Master Plan and a Review on Istanbul Master Plan
Urban logistics might be called as city logistics, urban freight transportation is a specific subsection of logistics concept. Urban logistics is generally based on logistics and freight activities in urban areas and focus on these activities' linkage with urban areas. Urban logistics issues might be evaluated under seven subtitles: These are respectively: logistics activities regarding with citizen subsistence, energy supply, industrial manufacturing, construction-maintenance activities, parcel service, waste cycle and emergency cases activities in urban areas. Urban logistics is a concept that has to deal with social, cultural and environmental issues besides economic subjects. All these subjects have to base on sustainability. Urban logistics covers such a wide range that consist logistics service providers and their consumers, public sector, various sector institutions and chambers. While realizing this role, citizens as participants give a direction to planning process regarding with logistics issues. In order to ensure sustainable urban logistics, urban master plans approach matters. The location of urban logistics functions need to be approached with multidisciplinary viewpoint such as spatial accession, transport networks, interaction with the urban. This study consists of urban logistics issues by the overview of Istanbul Master Plan. Istanbul has great economic capacities that achieve more than half of the whole Turkey. Istanbul is known for its vast contributions to the Turkish economy. Istanbul is the most populated and most industrialized city of Turkey which achieves more than half of whole country's economic production. Due to this specific case, Istanbul has a vast number of logistics problems. In this planning experience, as a growing sector, logistics had been considered for the first time. Key words: City logistics, Master Plan, Sustainable Urban Plan
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