Giacomo Becattini and the notion of â€œMarshallian Industrial Districtâ€
Abstract: The notion of â€œMarshallian Industrial Districtâ€ proposed by Giacomo Becattini in the first seventies has led a revolution in the local economic analysis around the world. The paper offers a methodological interpretation of the approach adopted by Becattini. The roots are clearly Marshallian. He understands the economy as a complex social science that operates in historical time. But Becattini goes beyond because he proposes a new unity of analysis for the local economic development. The paper identifies similarities and differences between the original concept of â€œIndustrial Districtâ€ proposed by Marshall and the concept of â€œMarshallian Industrial Districtâ€ in the Becattiniâ€™s approach. The paper uses the distinction between logical time, real time and historical time. The â€œMarshallian Industrial Districtâ€ approach proposes the study of economic process located in specific areas and explained in historical time. Keywords: industrial district, Marshallian industrial district, methodology of economics, Schumpeterâ€™s economic analysis, historical time, economic process. JEL: B31, B41
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