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Enterprise Investment During the Transition: Evidence from Czech Panel Data

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  • Lubomir Lizal
  • Jan Svejnar

Abstract

We analyze investment behavior of the population of medium and large industrial firms located in the Czech Republic in 1992-95. We examine the relevance of alternative models of investment and test if investment behavior varies across ownership-legal form categories of firms. By using a large panel of quarterly observations, we eliminate biases introduced by data aggregation and selectivity, reduce measurement error, take into account heterogeneity across firms and over time, and control for the significant seasonal variation in investment. The data indicate that foreign owned companies invest the most and cooperatives the least. Contrary to earlier survey findings, our large data set does not support the hypothesis that private firms invest more than state owned ones. Our econometric tests suggest that, except for cooperatives and smaller private firms, the behavior of firms is better approximated by the neoclassical/accelerator model than cash flow or financing constraint theories. The data also fit quite precisely a dynamic structural model of investment for a profit maximizing firm.

Suggested Citation

  • Lubomir Lizal & Jan Svejnar, 1997. "Enterprise Investment During the Transition: Evidence from Czech Panel Data," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 60, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:1997-60
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    Cited by:

    1. Hillier, G.H., 1995. "The union of best critical regions: complete classes, p-values, and model curvature," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9503, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    2. Lubomir Lizal, 1999. "Does a Soft Macroeconomic Environment Induce Restructuring on the Microeconomic Level during the Transition Period? Evidence from Investment Behavior of Czech Enterprises," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 235, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    3. Lubomír Lízal & Jan Svejnar, 2002. "Investment, Credit Rationing, And The Soft Budget Constraint: Evidence From Czech Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 353-370, May.
    4. James M. Malcomson, 1997. "Contracts, Hold-Up, and Labor Markets," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(4), pages 1916-1957, December.
    5. Goerke, Laszlo, 1996. "Taxes on Payroll, Revenues and Profits in Three Models of Collective Bargaining," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 43(5), pages 549-565, November.
    6. Volchkova Natalya, 2001. "Does Financial-Industrial Group Membership Affect Fixed Investment? Evidence from Russia," EERC Working Paper Series 01-03e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    7. Lubomir Lizal & Jan Svejnar, 2000. "Financial Conditions and Investment during the Transition: Evidence from Czech Firms," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp153, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.
    8. Herrendorf, B. & Valentinyi, A. & Waldmann, R., 1998. "Ruling out indeterminacy: the role of heterogeneity," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9803, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    9. Janez Prasnikar & Jan Svejnar, 1998. "Investment Wages and Ownership During the Transition to a Market Economy: Evidence from Slovenian Firms," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 144, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    10. Lawrence Peter King, 1999. "The Developmental Consequences of Foreign Direct Investment in the Transition from Socialism to Capitalism: The Performance of Foreign Owned Firms in Hungary," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 277, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    11. Josef Brada & Arthur King & Chia-Ying Ma, 2010. "Investing in Turbulent Times: The Investment Behavior of Polish Firms in the Early Transition," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 17(1), pages 1-21, May.
    12. Debora Revoltella, 2001. "Financing Enterprises in the Czech Republic: Debt and Firm-specific Variables," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 231-246, October.
    13. Blackburn, K. & Hung, V.T.Y., 1993. "A theory of growth, financial development and trade," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9303, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    14. Colombo, E., 1999. "The capital structure of Hungarian firms," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9903, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    15. Valentijn Bilsen & Elena Mitina, 1999. "Financing Firm Start-up and Restructuring in Transition Countries: Evidence from Belarus, the Ukraine and Russia," Working Papers wp150, Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge.
    16. Klaus E Meyer, 2000. "International Production Networks and Enterprise Transformation in Central Europe," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 42(1), pages 135-150, April.
    17. Alan Bevan & Saul Estrin & Mark E. Schaffer, 1999. "Determinants of Enterprise Performance during Transition," CERT Discussion Papers 9903, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    18. Richard B. Goud Jr., 2002. "Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from 25 Countries in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union," Development and Comp Systems 0207002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Grosfeld, Irena & Nivet, Jean-Francois, 1999. "Insider power and wage setting in transition: Evidence from a panel of large Polish firms, 1988-1994," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4-6), pages 1137-1147, April.
    20. Hobdari, Bersant & Jones, Derek C. & Mygind, Niels, 2009. "Capital investment and determinants of financial constraints in Estonia," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 344-359, December.
    21. Ulph, A., 1994. "Strategic environmental policy, international trade and the single European market (forthcoming in environmental policy with economic and political integration, Edward Elgar)," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9403, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    property rights; ownership; multi-task; local government; China;

    JEL classification:

    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • P5 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems

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