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Regional, multilateral, and unilateral trade policies on MERCOSUR for growth and poverty reduction in Brazil

Author

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  • Harrison, Glenn W.
  • Rutherford, Thomas F.
  • Tarr,David
  • Gurgel, Angelo

Abstract

The authors estimate that the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas (FTAA), the EU-MERCOSUR agreement, and multilateral trade policy changes will all be beneficial for Brazil. The Brazilian government strategy of simultaneously negotiating the FTAA and the EU-MERCOSUR agreement, while supporting multilateral liberalization through the Doha Agenda, will increase the benefits of each of these policies. The authors estimate that the poorest households typically gain roughly three to four times the average for Brazil from any of the policies considerethe United States protects its most highly protected markets. Both the FTAA and the EU-MERCOSUR agreements are net trade-creating for the countries involved, but excluded countries almost always lose from the agreements. The authors estimate that multilateral trade liberalization of 50 percent in tariffs and export subsidies results in gains to the world more than four times greater than either the FTAA or the EU-MERCOSUR agreement. This shows the continued importance to the world trading community of the multilateral negotiations.

Suggested Citation

  • Harrison, Glenn W. & Rutherford, Thomas F. & Tarr,David & Gurgel, Angelo, 2003. "Regional, multilateral, and unilateral trade policies on MERCOSUR for growth and poverty reduction in Brazil," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3051, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3051
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    Cited by:

    1. HADDAD Eduardo & DOMINGUES Edson, "undated". "Interstate Trade and Regional Development: An Interregional CGE Approach," EcoMod2003 330700065, EcoMod.
    2. Thomas W. Hertel & Roman Keeney & Maros Ivanic & L. Alan Winters, 2007. "Distributional effects of WTO agricultural reforms in rich and poor countries," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 22, pages 289-337, April.
    3. L. ALAN WINTERS & NEIL McCULLOCH & ANDREW McKAY, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Non-Tariff Barriers, Regionalism and Poverty Essays in Applied International Trade Analysis, chapter 14, pages 271-314 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Nicita, Alessandro, 2006. "Export led growth, pro-poor or not? Evidence from Madagascar's textile and apparel industry," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3841, The World Bank.
    5. Ferreira Filho, Joaquim Bento de Souza & Horridge, Mark, 2009. "Would Trade Liberalization Help the Poor of Brazil?," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper 52795, World Bank.
    6. Almeida, Eduardo Simões de & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2010. "Is the truth out there? Avaliando as opções de integração econômica para o Brasil
      [Is the truth out there? Evaluating the economic integration options for Brazil]
      ," MPRA Paper 54443, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Camargo, Fernanda Sartori de & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, 2006. "Employment, productive structure, and income distribution in the Brazilian economy, 1996 and 2002 compared," MPRA Paper 54503, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Athukorala, Premachandra & Riedel, James, 1994. "Demand and Supply Factors in the Determination of NIE Exports: A Simultaneous Error-Correction Model for Hong Kong: A Comment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(427), pages 1411-1414, November.
    9. Grabiella Berloffa & Maria Luigia Segnana, 2004. "Trade, inequality and pro-poor growth: Two perspectives, one message?," Department of Economics Working Papers 0408, Department of Economics, University of Trento, Italia.
    10. Ariel Barraud & German Calfat, 2008. "Poverty Effects from Trade Liberalisation in Argentina," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(3), pages 365-383.
    11. Brooks, Jonathan & Melyukhina, Olga, 2003. "The Effects of Agricultural Policy Reform on Poverty in Brazil," Policy Reform and Adjustment Workshop, October 23-25, 2003, Imperial College London, Wye Campus 15752, International Agricultural Policy Reform and Adjustment Project (IAPRAP).
    12. Hernando Zuleta & Orlando Gracia, 2004. "The Free Trade Agreement between Colombia and USA: What can happen to Colombia?," INVESTIGACIÓN ECONÓMICA EN COLOMBIA 003594, FUNDACIÓN PONDO.
    13. Orlando Gracia & Hernando Zuleta, 2009. "Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Colombia y Estados Unidos: ¿Que? impacto puede tener en Colombia?," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    14. Eduardo Amaral Haddad & Fernando Salgueiro Perobelli, 2004. "Trade Liberalization And Regional Inequality: Do Transportation Costs Impose A Spatial Poverty Trap?," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 131, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    15. Moreira, Guilherme R.C. & Almeida, Leandro & Guilhoto, Joaquim M. & Azzoni, Carlos R., 2008. "Productive structure and income distribution: The Brazilian case," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 320-332, May.
    16. repec:wsi:wschap:9789813108448_0007 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Valenzuela, Ernesto & Hertel, Thomas W. & Ivanic, Maros & Nin Pratt, Alejandro, 2004. "Evaluating Poverty Impacts of Globalization and Trade Policy Changes on Agricultural Producers," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20242, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    18. Glenn W. Harrison & Thomas F. Rutherford & David G. Tarr, 2017. "Rules Of Thumb For Evaluating Preferential Trading Arrangements: Evidence From Cge Assessments," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Trade Policies for Development and Transition, chapter 7, pages 145-153 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    19. Nicolas Hérault, 2003. "Mondialisation et pauvreté : les faiblesses des modèles d'équilibre général calculable," Documents de travail 87, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    20. Glenn W. Harrison & Thomas F. Rutherford & Tarr,David, 2003. "Rules of thumb for evaluating preferential trading arrangements : evidence from computable general equilibrium assessments," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3149, The World Bank.
    21. Bittencourt, Maurício Vaz Lobo & Kraybill, David S. & Larson, Donald W., 2006. "Consequences Of Trade Liberalization On Poverty And Income Distribution In Brazil," 2006 Annual meeting, July 23-26, Long Beach, CA 21128, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    22. Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & Camargo, Fernanda Sartori de, 2008. "Employment and familiar agriculture agribusiness in the Brazilian economy: an interregional Leontief-Miyazawa model approach," MPRA Paper 40398, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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