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Study on Benefit Transfer in an International Setting. How to Improve Welfare Estimates in the Case of the Countries' Income Heterogeneity?

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  • Mikołaj Czajkowski

    () (Warsaw Ecological Economics Center, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Milan Ščasný

    (Environment Center, Charles University Prague)

Abstract

The paper aims at investigating the validity of benefit transfer in the case of transfers between countries highly heterogeneous in income, and demonstrates relative performance of different benefit transfer methods under these conditions. We examine how income elasticity of WTP varies in line with the levels of income in order to provide scientifically sound elasticity factor for adjusting transferred welfare estimates. In addition, we have noted that using site-specific measures of income substantially outperforms transfers based on GPD per capita. The results provide conclusions for the future benefit transfers between countries differentiated by income. The accuracy of benefit transfer is compared using equivalence testing following the TOSC test; a new, more informative way of reporting equivalence is proposed and developed, based on computing minimum tolerance level rather than specifying it a priori. The empirical studies are one of the first applications of virtually the same study settings and questionnaires in an environmental quality context, what supplements a few previously existing applications in health effects settings. Lake water quality valuation studies were conducted in two countries in transition – Poland and the Czech Republic – that reflected the earlier studies carried out in Norway and Germany. The use of the same questionnaires and scenarios allowed to control for survey artefacts that could possibly bias the willingness to pay. The welfare estimates collected at four different sites provided a wide base for testing the benefit transfer and comparing the performance of methods to improve the transfer accuracy. Finally, the guidelines for future applications have been offered, as particularly valuable for benefit transfers between countries highly heterogeneous in income.

Suggested Citation

  • Mikołaj Czajkowski & Milan Ščasný, 2008. "Study on Benefit Transfer in an International Setting. How to Improve Welfare Estimates in the Case of the Countries' Income Heterogeneity?," Working Papers 2008-09, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  • Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2008-09
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    2. Baulcomb, Corinne & Moran, Dominic, 2011. "Rapid Integrated Assessment of Climate Change-Induced Disease Burdens under Uncertainty," Working Papers 131462, Scottish Agricultural College, Land Economy Research Group.
    3. Chiara Ravetti & Timothy Swanson & Mu Quan & Xuxuan Xie & Zhang Shiqiu, 2014. "Ancillary Benefits of GHG Abatement Policies in Developing Countries: A literature Survey," CIES Research Paper series 26-2014, Centre for International Environmental Studies, The Graduate Institute.
    4. Milan Ščasný & Emanuele Massetti & Jan Melichar & Samuel Carrara, 2015. "Quantifying the Ancillary Benefits of the Representative Concentration Pathways on Air Quality in Europe," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 62(2), pages 383-415, October.
    5. Czajkowski, Mikołaj & Ahtiainen, Heini & Artell, Janne & Meyerhoff, Jürgen, 2017. "Choosing a Functional Form for an International Benefit Transfer: Evidence from a Nine-country Valuation Experiment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 104-113.
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    7. Edward B. Barbier & Mikołaj Czajkowski & Nick Hanley, 2017. "Is the Income Elasticity of the Willingness to Pay for Pollution Control Constant?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 68(3), pages 663-682, November.
    8. Baulcomb, Corinne & Moran, Dominic, 2011. "Rapid Integrated Assessment of Climate Change-Induced Disease Burdens under Uncertainty," Working Papers 131462, Scotland's Rural College (formerly Scottish Agricultural College), Land Economy & Environment Research Group.
    9. Czajkowski, Mikołaj & Bartczak, Anna & Giergiczny, Marek & Navrud, Stale & Żylicz, Tomasz, 2014. "Providing preference-based support for forest ecosystem service management," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 1-12.
    10. Alberini, Anna & Bigano, Andrea & Ščasný, Milan & Zvěřinová, Iva, 2016. "Preferences for Energy Efficiency vs. Renewables: How Much Does a Ton of CO2 Emissions Cost?," MITP: Mitigation, Innovation,and Transformation Pathways 249352, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
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    12. Gillespie, Rob & Kragt, Marit E., 2012. "Accounting for Nonmarket Impacts in a Benefit-Cost Analysis of Underground Coal Mining in New South Wales, Australia," Journal of Benefit-Cost Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 3(02), pages 1-29, May.
    13. -, 2011. "An assessment of the economic impact Of climate change on the health sector in Saint Lucia," Sede Subregional de la CEPAL para el Caribe (Estudios e Investigaciones) 38597, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    14. Baumgärtner, Stefan & Drupp, Moritz A. & Meya, Jasper N. & Munz, Jan M. & Quaas, Martin F., 2016. "Income inequality and willingness to pay for public environmental goods," Economics Working Papers 2016-04, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    15. Ewa Zawojska & Zbigniew Szkop & Mikołaj Czajkowski & Tomasz Żylicz, 2016. "Economic valuation of ecosystem services provided by the Wilanów Park: A benefit transfer study," Working Papers 2016-31, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
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    17. Dritan Osmani, 2013. "Valuing Equally the Environmental Goods in Rich and Poor Countries in a Post-Kyoto World," Czech Economic Review, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 7(2), pages 073-099, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    benefit transfer; income heterogeneity; contingent valuation; water quality; equivalence testing; TOSC; convolutions; economies in transition;

    JEL classification:

    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water

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