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Population Trends, Convictions and Imprisonment: Demographic Divergence, Dichotomy and Diversity




The links between population patterns and trends, and policy and planning for the justice system is important. The trends in the number of convictions and imprisonments by regional councils are investigated for the period 1986 to 2001. This does not just focus on Custodial sentences but also looks at other types of sentences such as monetary and community sentences. Additionally, a regional estimate of the muster in prison is derived to give “normal” place of residence of those in prison. The relationship of imprisonment to other factors such as income, unemployment, sickness/invalid benefit rates, labour force participation rates and ethnicity is investigated. Some policy implications of these findings are presented.

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  • Ian Pool & Sandra Baxendine, 2006. "Population Trends, Convictions and Imprisonment: Demographic Divergence, Dichotomy and Diversity," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-61, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:wai:pscdps:dp-61

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    Convictions; Imprisonment; Population; Regions; New Zealand;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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