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Components of Regional Population Growth, 1986-2001


  • Ian Pool

    () (University of Waikato)

  • Sandra Baxendine

    (Waikato District Health Board)

  • Bill Cochrane

    (University of Waikato)


The vitality of a region is frequently assessed by looking at its population growth pattern. This is seen as being linked to its economic and social vibrancy. To better understand the dynamics of this growth pattern, it is necessary to decompose population growth into the contributions of natural increase (births less deaths) and migration (both domestic and international). This provides a demographic accounting of the factors of population change which we use to analyse the degree to which the levels and impacts of these factors differ between the Regional Council Areas of New Zealand. We find large variations between Regional Council Areas in overall population growth for the three quinquennia between 1986 and 2001. The Auckland region experienced the largest growth, coming both from high natural increase and international migration, while the "sun-belt" regions of Bay of Plenty, Nelson-Tasman and Marlborough had high growth, but driven by internal migration. In other regions, such as Gisborne, West Coast and Southland, population growth declined.

Suggested Citation

  • Ian Pool & Sandra Baxendine & Bill Cochrane, 2004. "Components of Regional Population Growth, 1986-2001," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers dp-44, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:wai:pscdps:dp-44

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    Cited by:

    1. Natalie Jackson, 2012. "Maori and the [potential] Demographic Dividend," NIDEA Working Papers wp-2, University of Waikato, National Institute of Demographic and Economic Analysis.

    More about this item


    Population Growth; Region; New Zealand;

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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