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CSR in Belgium: the institutional context and practices


  • Louche, C.


  • Van Liedekerke, Luc
  • Everaert, Patricia
  • Leroy, Dirk
  • Rossy, Ans
  • d'Huart, Marie

    (Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School)


Corporate Social Responsibility is a quite recent concept in Belgium which has gained significant momentum since 1995. In May 1997, Belgium set up a legal framework for sustainable development. In April 2006, the government adopted a Reference Framework for CSR followed in 2007 by the CSR action plan. Next to governmental initiatives, the number of actors and platforms involved in CSR has significantly increased leading to the multiplication of CSR initiatives. However, it would be overoptimistic to state that CSR is a well and equally established concept and a set of practices among all Belgian companies. Indeed, CSR in Belgium offers great disparities and diversities. Based on multiple sources of information, the paper provides a descriptive and narrative view on CSR in Belgium, gradually leading towards reflection by the end of the paper. After a brief overview of the context for corporate social responsibility in Belgium, the paper investigates the different components that have been shaping CSR since the 1970s. Subsequently it zooms in to the CSR practices in Belgian companies. Finally, conclusions are drawn on the progress made in Belgium in the area of corporate social responsibility and the future prospects.

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  • Louche, C. & Van Liedekerke, Luc & Everaert, Patricia & Leroy, Dirk & Rossy, Ans & d'Huart, Marie, 2007. "CSR in Belgium: the institutional context and practices," Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School Working Paper Series 2007-34, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.
  • Handle: RePEc:vlg:vlgwps:2007-34

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