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Output-based disclosure control for regressions


  • Felix Richie

    () (University of the West of England, Bristol)


Many recent developments in social science research, especially economics, have arisen from the increased availability of confidential government microdata, often in controlled environments. Output-based statistical disclosure control is increasingly important for making effective use of this resource. A central topic is whether the most common analytical tool, multiple regression, is ‘safe’ for release. This is a relatively unexplored field: only a handful of papers have been produced over the last decade and the main reference for practitioners is an unreviewed internal document. This paper analyses the disclosure risks of linear regressions, and demonstrates that, even in the best-case scenario for an intruder, regression results are fundamentally non-disclosive and so come within the class of ‘safe statistics’. It shows that conflicting results in papers reflect institutional perceptions, not statistical matters. It notes that simple rules can both guarantee confidentiality and provide measures of the best approximation to confidential data. It discusses a number of statistical concerns that are shown to be misguided. Finally, it summarises these results to produce formal guidelines for data owners managing controlled environments.

Suggested Citation

  • Felix Richie, 2012. "Output-based disclosure control for regressions," Working Papers 20121209, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwe:wpaper:20121209

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    More about this item


    Statistical disclosure control; principles-based; safe statistics; controlled environments; regression;

    JEL classification:

    • C18 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Methodolical Issues: General
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General


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