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Aspettative salariali disattese. Il divario Nord-Sud

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  • Francesca Bettio

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  • Fernanda Mazzotta

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Abstract

Grazie al dibattito sul cosiddetto ‘paradosso del salario di riserva’ è noto che le aspettative salariali dei disoccupati meridionali superano mediamente quelle dei disoccupati al Centro-Nord. E’ meno noto che al momento dell’ingresso nel posto di lavoro, i primi accettano salari significativamente inferiori non solo alle proprie aspettative ma anche ai salari accettati al Centro-Nord. Secondo i dati rilevati dallo ‘European Community Household Panel’ il 74% degli occupati meridionali che hanno trovato lavoro nel periodo coperto dall’indagine hanno percepito al loro ingresso nel posto di lavoro una retribuzione inferiore del 40% a quella minima accettabile dichiarata in sede di disoccupazione (salario di riserva). Al Centro-Nord questa differenza scende al 14% (valori mediani). In questo lavoro intendiamo contribuire al dibattito sul ruolo delle aspettative salariali nell’influenzare la distribuzione territoriale della disoccupazione documentando le disparità circoscrizionali nei salari accettati e non solo in quelli attesi. Troviamo che il dato grezzo di una disparità molto più accentuata nei salari accettati che in quelli di riserva permane anche dopo aver tenuto conto della presenza di selezione statistica e della possibilità che il salario di riserva appena prima dell’uscita dalla disoccupazione sia diverso da quello dichiarato nella precedente intervista.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesca Bettio & Fernanda Mazzotta, 2010. "Aspettative salariali disattese. Il divario Nord-Sud," Department of Economics University of Siena 589, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  • Handle: RePEc:usi:wpaper:589
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    salario di riserva; distribuzione dei salari; disoccupazione; differenze territoriali.;

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs

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