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The Complexity of Corruption: Nature and Ethical Suggestions


  • Reyes Calderón

    () (Facultad de Económicas, Universidad de Navarra)

  • José Luis Alvarez

    () (Facultad de Económicas, Universidad de Navarra)


Corruption is a well-established research topic which increasingly attracts interest, as attested by a growing body of literature. Nevertheless, disagreements persist not only about how to curve it, but even about its definition, causes and consequences. Such a lack of consensus reflects the complexity of the problem, a feature which is often cited but rarely analyzed. This paper aims to fill that gap. In particular, we first address the nature of corruptions complexity by offering and analyzing an inventory of generators of complexity compiled from the available literature. Secondly, our paper draws from the key conclusions of that analysis to shed some light on the complex role played by corporations on corruption. Finally, we suggest that ethical aspects have to be considered in order to clarify many complex dilemmas around corruption and illuminate the corporate role in both domestic and foreign business activity.

Suggested Citation

  • Reyes Calderón & José Luis Alvarez, 2006. "The Complexity of Corruption: Nature and Ethical Suggestions," Faculty Working Papers 05/06, School of Economics and Business Administration, University of Navarra.
  • Handle: RePEc:una:unccee:wp0506

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    JEL classification:

    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

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