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Estudio de las tendencias cuantitativas y cualitativas de la oferta laboral

Author

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  • Alma Espino

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Alina Machado

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Guillermo Alves

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

Abstract

This article analyzes changes in male and female participation in the Uruguayan labor market during 1991 to 2009. We estimate labor market participation probability, the uncompensated wage elasticity of market work hours and determinants changes and its inciedence through time, both for participation decisions and working hours. The results show a diminishing in the incidence of factors wich inhibits women participation. On the other hand, they allow verifying the higher sensitivity of female labor supply to changes in wages, as well as the differences in significance and incidence of sociodemographic variables among women and men. These differences are relevant for designing labor policies taking into account gender differences.

Suggested Citation

  • Alma Espino & Alina Machado & Guillermo Alves, 2011. "Estudio de las tendencias cuantitativas y cualitativas de la oferta laboral," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 11-06, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-06-11
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    Keywords

    labor supply; wages; salaries; uncompensated wage elasticity;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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