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Una revisión del desempeño de la industria en Uruguay entre 1930 y 1959


  • Arnabal, Rodrigo

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

  • Magdalena Bertino

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)

  • Sebastián Fleitas

    () (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economí­a)


The process of industrialization by import substitutions in Uruguay has shown special characteristics in the Latin-American context, given its early beginning and its rapid conclusion. Additionally, this period has presented the biggest economic growth in the Uruguayan history, where significant advances in the quality of life of the population were made. This is why many contributions have been made in order to try to understand, describe and explain this process, both at a global level, as well as by industrial sectors. Nevertheless, the last efforts in this direction date back two decades. This work revisits the performance of the industry from a sector perspective. To do so, first of all, the main previous works in this matter are discussed, together with the introduction of a new database of industrial performance by sectors. Then, a quick description of the macroeconomic evolution results in the study of the industries performance through several dimensions: critical analysis of industrial classifications criteria; output, employment, productivity and wages evolution; and a brief discussion of economic growth and wages behavior par rapport to productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Arnabal, Rodrigo & Magdalena Bertino & Sebastián Fleitas, 2011. "Una revisión del desempeño de la industria en Uruguay entre 1930 y 1959," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 11-02, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-02-11

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    Cited by:

    1. Silvana Sandonato & Henry Willebald, 2018. "Natural Capital, Domestic Product and Proximate Causes of Economic Growth: Uruguay in the Long Run, 1870–2014," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(3), pages 1-26, March.

    More about this item


    Industrial sectors; Wages; Productivity; Uruguay;

    JEL classification:

    • N66 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure

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