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Incitation à l’adoption de technologies propres

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  • Mourad Afif

Abstract

Dans un nouveau contexte économique dominé par la crise et la récession, la limitation directe des émissions des gaz à effet de serre (GES) à l'aide de la taxe ou des permis d'émission est plus que jamais difficile à mettre en place. Ainsi, on assiste à l'émergence des appels à l'encouragement des technologies et des procédés présentant un fort potentiel d'économie des émissions. Nous savons d'après Requate et Unold [2003] que si le régulateur est myope et connaît parfaitement les coûts de dépollution, alors la taxe fournit une incitation au changement technologique plus forte que l'échange de permis. Cependant, le régulateur est souvent appelé à concevoir la politique de régulation de pollution en situation d'incertitude sur le coût de dépollution. Dans une telle situation, Roberts et Spence [1976] montrent que l'instrument hybride taxe-permis est économiquement plus efficace à réduire les émissions de pollution que la taxe seule ou le permis seul. Nous étudions dans ce papier l'impact de l'incertitude concernant le coût de dépollution sur l'incitation au changement technologique. Nous nous intéresserons particulièrement aux incitations engendrées par la taxe, le permis et le système hybride taxe-permis en situation d'incertitude sur le coût de dépollution. Cette incitation est mesurée par les gains additionnels réalisés sur le prix et le volume d'émission occasionnés par l'adoption de la technologie propre.

Suggested Citation

  • Mourad Afif, 2012. "Incitation à l’adoption de technologies propres," Working Papers of BETA 2012-11, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulp:sbbeta:2012-11
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    Keywords

    Adoption de technologie; Coût de dépollution; Permis d'émission; Taxes d'émission; Incertitude.;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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