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The Distributional Superiority of Tax Credits

Author

Listed:
  • Sophia Delipalla

    ()

  • Harry Papapanagos

    ()

Abstract

This paper examines the distributional performance of social security provisions in the form of allowances, income related deductions and tax credits. Our analysis reveals that provisions in the form of tax credits is more progressive and redistributive relative to allowances and income related deductions. We demonstrate the distributional superiority of tax credits in the Greek tax and social security system where the replacement of all allowances and income related deductions with tax credits, in a revenue neutral manner, results in a considerable increase in the progressivity and redistribution of the tax system.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophia Delipalla & Harry Papapanagos, 1996. "The Distributional Superiority of Tax Credits," Studies in Economics 9608, School of Economics, University of Kent.
  • Handle: RePEc:ukc:ukcedp:9608
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    Cited by:

    1. Adam Wagstaff & Eddy van Doorslaer, 2001. "What Makes the Personal Income Tax Progressive? A Comparative Analysis for Fifteen OECD Countries," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 8(3), pages 299-316, May.
    2. Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy & van der Burg, Hattem & Calonge, Samuel & Christiansen, Terkel & Citoni, Guido & Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Gerfin, Michael & Gross, Lorna & Hakinnen, Unto, 1999. "Redistributive effect, progressivity and differential tax treatment: Personal income taxes in twelve OECD countries," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 73-98, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tax Credits; Progressivity; Redistribution;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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