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Joint Analysis of Preschool Education and School Performance in Public Schools in Montevideo


  • Renato Aguilar

    (Departamento de Economía, University of Gothenburg, Sweden)

  • Ruben Tansini

    () (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


This paper aims at explaining the academic performance of a sample of children starting their first year at public schools in Montevideo, Uruguay, during 1999. We are mainly in- terested in the effect of preschool education on the children’s academic results. Previous probit and OLS estimations suggested that preschool education has a positive impact on short and long term school performance. However, these results could be biased because a rather strong endogeinity of the preschool education variable. We solved this problem us- ing bivariate probit and treatment effects estimations. The results confirmed the bias and suggested that our previous estimations underestimated the positive effect of preschool educations. Thus, we found fairly strong empirical evidence suggesting that preschool education has a short and long term positive effect on these children’s results

Suggested Citation

  • Renato Aguilar & Ruben Tansini, 2010. "Joint Analysis of Preschool Education and School Performance in Public Schools in Montevideo," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 3310, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:3310

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hanushek, Eric A, 1995. "Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 227-246, August.
    2. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Gertler, Paul, 2009. "The effect of pre-primary education on primary school performance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1-2), pages 219-234, February.
    3. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Manacorda, Marco, 2008. "Giving children a better start: Preschool attendance and school-age profiles," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(5-6), pages 1416-1440, June.
    4. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-1177, September.
    5. Magnuson, Katherine A. & Ruhm, Christopher & Waldfogel, Jane, 2007. "Does prekindergarten improve school preparation and performance?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 33-51, February.
    6. Aguilar, Renato & Tansini, Ruben, 2010. "Pre-School Education and School Performance The Case of Public Schools in Montevideo," Working Papers in Economics 434, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
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    More about this item


    preschool education; school results; bivariate probit; treatment effects; Uruguay;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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