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Intellectual Property Rights, Human Capital and the Incidence Of R&D Expenditures

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  • Daniel Lederman
  • Claudio Bravo Ortega

Abstract

The authors extend the model by Aghion and Howitt (1992) to highlight the role of intellectual-property-rights (IPRs) in the process of innovation and structural change. The model predicts, in contrast to existing literature, that lower risk-free discount rate increase imitation. The model suggests that the enforcement of IPRs and punishment of imitators has positive and differentiated effects on the level of R&D. It also predicts that human capital fosters the development of R&D activities. At the aggregate level, the model predicts that national R&D expenditures as a share of GDP will depend not only on the level of human capital and intellectual property rights, but that there are interactions between these two variables, and their effects on R&D might be follow unknown functional forms. The preponderance of the empirical evidence suggests that complex interactions between human capital and IPRs determine global patterns of R&D effort.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Lederman & Claudio Bravo Ortega, 2008. "Intellectual Property Rights, Human Capital and the Incidence Of R&D Expenditures," Working Papers wp277, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp277
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    Cited by:

    1. Arusha Cooray & Antonio Paradiso, 2012. "The level and growth effects in empirical growth models for the Nordic countries: A knowledge economy approach," CAMA Working Papers 2012-36, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    2. Arusha Cooray & Marcella Lucchetta & Antonio Paradiso, 2013. "A knowledge economy approach in empirical growth models for the Nordic countries," Economics Working Papers wp13-06, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intellectual Property Rights; Development; Institutions.;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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