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Early Childhood Intervention. Rationale, Timing and Efficacy

Author

Listed:
  • Orla Doyle

    (Geary Institute, University College Dublin)

  • Colm Harmon

    (School of Economics & Geary Institute, University College Dublin)

  • James J. Heckman

    (Geary Institute & Conway Institute , University College Dublin)

  • Richard E. Tremblay

    (Research Unit on Children's Psychosocial Maladjustment, University of Montreal)

Abstract

This paper provides a brief review of the economic rationale for investing in early childhood. It discusses the optimal timing of intervention, with reference to recent work in developmental neuroscience, and asks how early is early? It motivates the need for early intervention by providing an overview of the impact of adverse factors during the antenatal and early childhood period on outcomes later in life. Early childhood interventions, even poorly designed ones, are costly to implement, therefore it is vital that interventions are well-designed if they are to yield high economic and social returns. The paper therefore presents a set of guiding principles for the effectiveness of early intervention. It concludes by presenting a case for a new study of the optimal timing of interventions.

Suggested Citation

  • Orla Doyle & Colm Harmon & James J. Heckman & Richard E. Tremblay, 2007. "Early Childhood Intervention. Rationale, Timing and Efficacy," Working Papers 200705, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucd:wpaper:200705
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    File URL: http://www.ucd.ie/geary/static/publications/workingpapers/GearyWp200705.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2007
    Download Restriction: no

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ucn:wpaper:10197/1213 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Liam Delaney & Orla Doyle, 2008. "The Early Childhood Determinants Of Time Preferences," Working Papers 200834, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.

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