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La valutazione d'impatto della riforma universitaria 3+2: un'analisi empirica sui dati dell'Ufficio Statistica del MIUR (Evaluating the "3+2" Italian University Reform: Empirical Evidence from the Analysis of College-Level data)

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  • Bondonio, Daniele

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Abstract

L'obiettivo del presente lavoro e' stimare l'impatto netto della riforma dei cicli e degli ordinamenti didattici universitari ( D.M. 509/99) su tre importanti fattori misurabili attraverso i micro-dati dell'Indagine sull'Istruzione Universitaria dell'Ufficio di statistica del MIUR: il volume delle immatricolazioni, la percentuale di studenti immatricolati che negli anni successivi permangono come iscritti nelle medesime sedi di facolta' e la percentuale di studenti che si laureano in corso. I modelli di analisi sviluppati nel lavoro mirano a separare la parte dei cambiamenti occorsi tra il periodo pre- e post-riforma imputabili all'impatto netto della riforma stessa rispetto ai cambiamenti che si sarebbero comunque prodotti anche in assenza di quest'ultima, per effetto di altri fattori ad essa non ascrivibili. I risultati delle analisi sono robusti rispetto ad una ampia gamma di diverse forme funzionali dei modelli di stima e permettono di quantificare con buona precisione statistica gli effetti della riforma al netto delle principali variazioni prodotte da altri concomitanti fattori di cambiamento. (English Abstract: This paper is aimed at evaluating the net impact of the recent "3+2" (D.M. 509/1999) Italian University reform which shortened to three academic years the length of most of the undergraduate "Laurea" programs and introduced two-year graduate "Laurea" programs open to students holding an undergraduate "Laurea" degree. The evaluation analysis develop in the paper focus on the following outcomes, measured using data from the "Indagine sull'Istruzione Universitaria" by the "Ufficio di statistica" of MIUR: number of student enrolled in the first year of an undergraduate "Laurea" University program; percent of students enrolled in the first year of a "Laurea" program that are still enrolled in the same college in the subsequent academic years; percent of students that earn a "Laurea" degree within the standard number of academic years indicated by the program curriculum. Impact estimates are retrieved using data covering the academic years from 1998/99 to 2003/04, aggregated at the college level. Under plausible impact identification assumptions, results highlight the effects of the reform net of the outcome variations due to factors independent from the reform. A large sensitivity analysis indicates that the significance and magnitude of the impact estimates are robust across a variety of different specifications of the model.)

Suggested Citation

  • Bondonio, Daniele, 2007. "La valutazione d'impatto della riforma universitaria 3+2: un'analisi empirica sui dati dell'Ufficio Statistica del MIUR (Evaluating the "3+2" Italian University Reform: Empirical Evidence fr," POLIS Working Papers 96, Institute of Public Policy and Public Choice - POLIS.
  • Handle: RePEc:uca:ucapdv:96
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