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Determinantes del crecimiento de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero en España (1990-2007)


  • Vicent Alcántara Escolano

    () (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Emilio Padilla Rosa

    () (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)


La evolución de los gases de efecto invernadero en España se está distanciando notablemente del objetivo marcado por el Protocolo de Kyoto. En el presente trabajo se analizan los diferentes factores que han contribuido al importante aumento experimentado en las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero provenientes del consumo de energía en España en el período 1990-2007. La metodología de descomposición factorial utilizada permite hacer una distribución exacta (sin residuos) de la variación de emisiones en diferentes efectos (efecto carbonización, efecto transformación, efecto intensidad y efecto escala). Los resultados muestran claramente que el efecto escala -la variación en el nivel de producción- ha sido determinante en explicar el aumento de emisiones, mientras que la contribución de los otros efectos, que deberían ser los que cambiaran la tendencia de crecimiento de emisiones, no ha permitido moderar su aumento. Una contribución especialmente negativa es la atribuible al efecto intensidad, que refleja la variación en la intensidad energética final del PIB, ya que incluso habría contribuido a aumentar las emisiones. En sentido opuesto, el efecto transformación, el impacto atribuible a la transformación energética, habría contribuido a moderar el aumento de las emisiones totales. El trabajo discute las implicaciones de los resultados obtenidos.

Suggested Citation

  • Vicent Alcántara Escolano & Emilio Padilla Rosa, 2009. "Determinantes del crecimiento de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero en España (1990-2007)," Working Papers wpdea0910, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  • Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wpdea0910

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Sara de la Rica, 2007. "Labour Market Assimilation of Recent Immigrants in Spain," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 45(2), pages 257-284, June.
    2. Francine D. Blau & Lawrence M. Kahn, 2000. "Gender Differences in Pay," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, pages 75-99.
    3. Paul W. Miller, 1987. "Gender Differences in Observed and Offered Wages in Canada, 1980," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 20(2), pages 225-244, May.
    4. José Mata & José A. F. Machado, 2005. "Counterfactual decomposition of changes in wage distributions using quantile regression," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(4), pages 445-465.
    5. Heinze, Anja & Beninger, Denis & Beblo, Miriam & Laisney, François, 2003. "Measuring Selectivity-Corrected Gender Wage Gaps in the EU," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-74, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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    More about this item


    descomposición factorial; eficiencia energética; gases de efecto invernadero; intensidad energética; índice de carbonización; transformación energética.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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