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Capital humano y desigualdad en Españá: 1985-1996

  • Josep Oliver Alonso

    ()

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • Xavier Ramos Morilla

    ()

    (Departament d'Economia Aplicada, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

  • José Luis Raymond Bara

    ()

    (Departament d’Economia i Història Econòmica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona)

En el período 1985-1996 la desigualdad de la renta en España se redujo de forma notable, en claro contraste con lo sucedido en otros países avanzados. En este trabajo se profundiza en el impacto que sobre esta reducción en la desigualdad ha ejercido la redistribución del stock de capital humano, uno de los factores que aparecen como más relevantes para explicar tanto la distribución de la renta como sus modificaciones. Las conclusiones obtenidas sugieren que aproximadamente un tercio de la reducción en la desigualdad que se ha producido entre los dos años extremos contemplados (1985 frente a 1996) se debe al comportamiento del capital humano. Otros factores tales como el tamaño de la familia o la participación de ambos cónyuges en el mercado de trabajo, han actuado en el mismo sentido. Finalmente, un elevado porcentaje de mejora en la distribución permanece por explicar y deberá ser objeto de investigaciones futuras.

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File URL: http://www.ecap.uab.es/RePEc/doc/wp0111.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona in its series Working Papers with number wp0111.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uab:wprdea:wp0111
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