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Repetition: Medicine for a Short-Run Remission


  • Alet, Elodie
  • Bonnal, Liliane
  • Favard, Pascal


This paper estimates the treatment effect of grade repetition on subsequent schooling performances in France. We correct for potential selection issues associated with grade retention, using a multi-stage econometric model. We find that early grade repetition (Grade 1 or 2) leads to an increase in test scores in the very short-run (in grade 3) but this positive effect is only transitory, as it becomes negative 3 or 4 years after the retention (in grade 6).

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  • Alet, Elodie & Bonnal, Liliane & Favard, Pascal, 2012. "Repetition: Medicine for a Short-Run Remission," TSE Working Papers 27240, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:27240

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Frank F. Furstenberg & David Neumark, 2007. "Encouraging Education in an Urban School District: Evidence from the Philadelphia Educational Longitudinal Study," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(2), pages 135-157.
    2. Laporte, Christine & Mueller, Richard, 2010. "The Persistence Behaviour of Registered Apprentices: Who Continues, Quits, or Completes Programs?," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2010-21, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 27 May 2010.
    3. James Heckman, 1993. "Assessing Clinton's Program on Job Training, Workfare, and Education in the Workplace," NBER Working Papers 4428, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Robert J. Gary‐Bobo & Marion Goussé & Jean‐Marc Robin, 2016. "Grade retention and unobserved heterogeneity," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 7(3), pages 781-820, November.

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    grade retention; treatment effect; endogeneity;

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