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Repetition: Medicine for a Short-run Remission


  • Elodie Alet
  • Liliane Bonnal
  • Pascal Favard


This paper estimates the treatment effect of grade repetition on subsequent schooling in France. We corrected for potential selection issues associated with grade retention, using a multi-stage econometric model in which identification is ensured through exclusion as in an IV framework. We found that early grade repetition (during the first cycle) leads to an in test scores in the very short-run (in 3rd grade) but this positive effect is only transitory, as it negative 3 or 4 years after the retention (in 6th grade).

Suggested Citation

  • Elodie Alet & Liliane Bonnal & Pascal Favard, 2013. "Repetition: Medicine for a Short-run Remission," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 111-112, pages 227-250.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2013:i:111-112:p:227-250

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    Cited by:

    1. Robert J. Gary‐Bobo & Marion Goussé & Jean‐Marc Robin, 2016. "Grade retention and unobserved heterogeneity," Quantitative Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 7(3), pages 781-820, November.
    2. Asma Benhenda, 2018. "What is the cost of grade retention?," DoQSS Working Papers 18-07, Department of Quantitative Social Science - UCL Institute of Education, University College London.

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