Repetition: Medicine for a Short-run Remission
This paper estimates the treatment effect of grade repetition on subsequent schooling in France. We corrected for potential selection issues associated with grade retention, using a multi-stage econometric model in which identification is ensured through exclusion as in an IV framework. We found that early grade repetition (during the first cycle) leads to an in test scores in the very short-run (in 3rd grade) but this positive effect is only transitory, as it negative 3 or 4 years after the retention (in 6th grade).
Volume (Year): (2013)
Issue (Month): 111-112 ()
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