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Education Choice, Endogenous Growth and Income Distribution

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  • Buly A Cardak

    () (School of Economics, La Trobe University)

Abstract

This paper studies the dynamic evolution of an economy in which parents can choose to send their child to a public or private school and vote over taxes used to fund public schools. The objective is to study growth and the evolution of income distribution in a model where alternative education systems coexist. In the model studied, the endogenous distribution of income is bimodal and cannot be fully analytically characterized. Equilibrium is characterized and the dynamics studied analytically. Simulations of the model calibrated to US data are used to complement this analysis. A bimodal income distribution based on education emerges. Public education student converge to a low income equilibrium while private education students experience endogenous growth and have higher incomes. However, public education students also experience long run growth through a spillover from the growth experienced by private education students. the model identifies possible problems with the existence of a private alternative to public education, such as the emergence of an eduction based class structure. However, such an institutional setting can raise incomes and growth relative to a compulsory public education system while still reducing income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Buly A Cardak, 2002. "Education Choice, Endogenous Growth and Income Distribution," Working Papers 2002.03, School of Economics, La Trobe University.
  • Handle: RePEc:trb:wpaper:2002.03
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kyriakos C. Neanidis & Dimitrios Varvarigos, 2005. "The Impact of Foreign Aid on Economic Growth: Volatility of Disbursements and Distribution of Receipts," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 0533, Economics, The University of Manchester.
    2. Cardak, Buly A., 2005. "Education Vouchers, Growth, And Income Inequality," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 98-121, February.
    3. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2013. "Income and Wealth Distribution with Physical and Human Capital Accumulation: Extending the Uzawa-Lucas Model to a Heterogeneous Households Economy," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 50(2), pages 257-287, November.
    4. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:9:y:2008:i:4:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Buly A. Cardak, 2004. "Education choice, neoclassical growth, and class structure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(4), pages 643-666, October.
    6. Tetsuo Ono, 2016. "Inequality and the politics of redistribution," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 23(2), pages 191-217, April.
    7. Chen, Hung-ju, 2005. "Educational systems, growth and income distribution: a quantitative study," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 325-353, April.
    8. Nikos Benos, 2005. "Education Systems, Growth and Welfare," University of Cyprus Working Papers in Economics 5-2005, University of Cyprus Department of Economics.
    9. Tetsuo Ono, 2015. "Public education and social security: a political economy approach," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 1-25, February.
    10. Tetsuo Ono & Yuki Uchida, 2016. "Inequality and Education Choice," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 16-17, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP).
    11. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2016. "Impact of Education Subsidies and Taxation on Wealth and Human Capital Accumulation," Eastern European Business and Economics Journal, Eastern European Business and Economics Studies Centre, vol. 2(3), pages 222-247.
    12. Tournemaine, Frederic & Tsoukis, Christopher, 2015. "The growth–distribution nexus in a mixed regime of education with a status motive: On the macroeconomics of the welfare state," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 235-243.
    13. Wei-Bin Zhang, 2013. "A Synthesis Of The Uzawa-Lucas Model With The Walrasian-General-Equilibrium And Neoclassical-Growth Theories," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 58(199), pages 7-38, October -.
    14. Limor Hatsor, 2014. "Allocation of Resources in Educational Production: The Budget Puzzle," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 16(6), pages 854-883, December.
    15. Frederic Tournemaine & Christopher Tsoukis, 2015. "Public Expenditures, Growth, and Distribution in a Mixed Regime of Education with a Status Motive," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 17(5), pages 673-701, October.
    16. Tetsuo Ono, 2012. "Inequality Dynamics and the Politics of Redistribution," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 12-09-Rev, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics and Osaka School of International Public Policy (OSIPP), revised Nov 2013.
    17. K C Neanidis & D Varvarigos, 2005. "The Impact of Foreign Aid on Economic Growth: Volatility of Disbursements and Distribution of Receipts," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 56, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Education Expenditures and Choice; Voting Equilibria; Endogenous Growth; Income Distribution.;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid

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