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The Effect of the Arab Boycott on Israel: The Automobile Market

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  • Chaim Fershtman

    () (CCSG, U. of Tel Aviv)

  • Neil Gandal

    () (Eco, U. of Texas and Tel Aviv)

Abstract

Recent progress towards a comprehensive peace in the Middle East has led to a relaxation of the enforcement of the Arab economic boycott of Israel. This in turn has led to the entry of all the major Japanese and Korean automobile manufacturers into the Israeli market. In this paper, we examine the effect of the Arab economic boycott on this market. Using recent advances in estimating discrete-choice models of product differentiation, we estimate that had the boycott continued, the welfare loss per purchaser would have been approximately \$790 in 1994. This benefit can be interpreted as a {\em peace dividend}. Since approximately 113,000 new automobiles were sold in 1994, the welfare gain to consumers was more than \$89 million that year.
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Suggested Citation

  • Chaim Fershtman & Neil Gandal, 1996. "The Effect of the Arab Boycott on Israel: The Automobile Market," CARE Working Papers 9607, The University of Texas at Austin, Center for Applied Research in Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tex:carewp:9607
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    Cited by:

    1. Fershtman, C. & Gandal, N. & Markovich, S., 1997. "Estimating the Effect of Tax Reform in Differentiated Product Oligopolistic Markets," Papers 29-97, Tel Aviv.
    2. Ihle, Rico & Finkelshtain, Israel & Rubin, Ofir David, 2014. "Markup pricing in the context of a violent conflict: differentiated apples in Hebron wholesale market," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182657, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Itai Ater, 2015. "Vertical Foreclosure Using Exclusivity Clauses: Evidence from Shopping Malls," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 620-642, September.
    4. Zijun Luo & Yonghong Zhou, 2016. "Gainers and Losers of Political Instability: Evidence from the Anti-Japanese Demonstration in China," Working Papers 1608, Sam Houston State University, Department of Economics and International Business.
    5. Mayeres, Inge & Vanhulsel, Marlies, 2017. "CarTax: A simulation model for analysing the reform of car taxation in Flanders," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 11-24.
    6. Amil Petrin, 2001. "Quantifying the Benefits of New Products: The Case of the Minivan," NBER Working Papers 8227, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Ziv Bar-Nahum & Israel Finkelshtain & Rico Ihle & Ofir D. Rubin, 2020. "Effects of violent political conflict on the supply, demand and fragmentation of fresh food markets," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(3), pages 503-515, June.
    8. Eduardo P. S. Fiuza, 2015. "Automobile Demand and Supply in Brazil: Effects of Tax Rebates and Trade Liberalization on Price-marginal Cost Markups in the 1990s," Discussion Papers 0119, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    9. Zijun Luo & Yonghong Zhou, 2020. "Decomposing the effects of consumer boycotts: evidence from the anti-Japanese demonstration in China," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 58(6), pages 2615-2634, June.
    10. Jan De Loecker & Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2016. "Effect of International Competition on Firm Productivity and Market Power," NBER Working Papers 21994, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Leheyda, Nina, 2008. "Private Incentives to Innovate: Interplay of New Products and Brand-Name Reputation," ZEW Discussion Papers 08-120, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    12. Anindya Ghose, 2005. "Used Good Trade Patterns: A Cross-Country Comparison of Electronic Secondary Markets," Working Papers 05-19, NET Institute, revised Oct 2005.
    13. Hong Canhui & Hu Wei-Min & Prieger James E. & Zhu Dongming, 2011. "French Automobiles and the Chinese Boycotts of 2008: Politics Really Does Affect Commerce," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-38, May.
    14. Rico Ihle & Ofir D. Rubin & Ziv Bar-Nahum & Roel Jongeneel, 0. "Imperfect food markets in times of crisis: economic consequences of supply chain disruptions and fragmentation for local market power and urban vulnerability," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 0, pages 1-8.
    15. ME. Canes, 2000. "Country impacts of multilateral oil sanctions," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 18(2), pages 135-144, April.
    16. Charles A. Rarick, 2007. "Economic Sanctions: Failed Foreign Policy Tool And A Cost To American Business," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(3), pages 65-70, September.
    17. Rico Ihle & Ofir D. Rubin & Ziv Bar-Nahum & Roel Jongeneel, 2020. "Imperfect food markets in times of crisis: economic consequences of supply chain disruptions and fragmentation for local market power and urban vulnerability," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(4), pages 727-734, August.

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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business

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