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The E.C. Green Paper ON Vertical Restraints: Option IV Defended


  • O'Toole, F


This paper responds to the editorial in European Competition Law Review, Issue 3, 1998 (The E.C. Green Paper on Vertical Restraints: An Economic Comment). Contrary to the views expressed in that editorial, it is argued that an evaluation of the potentially anti-competitive effects of exclusive distribution and exclusive purchasing-type agreements requires an examination of conditions in both the upstream and downstream markets.

Suggested Citation

  • O'Toole, F, 1999. "The E.C. Green Paper ON Vertical Restraints: Option IV Defended," Trinity Economics Papers 998, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcd:tcduee:998

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    JEL classification:

    • L42 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Vertical Restraints; Resale Price Maintenance; Quantity Discounts


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