IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Import Surveillance and Over Invoicing of Imports in Turkey


  • Zelal Aktas
  • Altan Aldan


Turkey has been implementing import surveillance measures in order to protect its industry from unfair price cuts. One possible impact of the import surveillance mechanism is over invoicing of imports in order to avoid surveillance procedures since the procedures are applied to goods with prices under a predefined reference price. In this paper, we investigate whether import surveillance mechanism causes rise in the import figures due to over invoicing. We extend the mirror statistics methodology with panel data techniques using a highly disaggregated data set. Our results suggest that, import surveillance mechanism causes over invoicing and that import figures of Turkey are inflated by around 2 to 3 billion dollars as of 2011.

Suggested Citation

  • Zelal Aktas & Altan Aldan, 2013. "Import Surveillance and Over Invoicing of Imports in Turkey," Working Papers 1301, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1301

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Mirror statistics; International trade statistics; import surveillance; net errors and omissions; Turkey; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1301. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sermet Pekin) or (Ilker Cakar) or (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.