Deregulation and the Current Account
In this paper we use a dynamic general-equilibrium model to study how removing barriers to competition in the nontraded goods sector affects the current account, the real exchange rate, and the factor prices in a small open economy. We show that the expansion of the nontraded sector that results from a "deregulation shock" is associated with an accumulation of foreign assets unless production of nontraded goods is very capital-intensive. Moreover, while the real exchange rate decreases monotonically towards its new steady state, the real wage may temporarily overshoot its long-run level.
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