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Quantifying the Impact of Exogenous Non-Economic Factors on UK Transport Oil Demand

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Listed:
  • David C Broadstock

    () (Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), Department of Economics, University of Surrey)

  • Lester C Hunt

    () (Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), Department of Economics, University of Surrey)

Abstract

This paper attempts to quantify the impact of exogenous non-economic factors on UK transport oil demand (in addition to income, price, and fuel efficiency) by estimating the demand relationship for oil transport for 1960-2007 using the Structural Time Series Model. From this, the relative impact on UK transport oil demand from income, price, and efficiency are quantified. Moreover, the impact of the non-economic factors is also quantified, based on the premise that the estimated stochastic trend represents behavioural responses to changes in socio-economic factors and changes in lifestyles and attitudes. The estimated elasticities for income, price and efficiency are 0.6, -0.1, and -0.3 respectively and it is shown that for efficiency and price the overall contribution is relatively small, whereas the contribution from income and non-economic factors is relatively large. This has important implications for policy makers keen to reduce transport oil consumption and associated emissions, but not willing to reduce the trend rate of economic growth. Taxes and improved efficiency only have a limited impact; hence, a major thrust of policy should perhaps be on educating and informing consumers to persuade them to change their lifestyle and attitudes and thus reduce their consumption through the non-economic instruments route.

Suggested Citation

  • David C Broadstock & Lester C Hunt, 2009. "Quantifying the Impact of Exogenous Non-Economic Factors on UK Transport Oil Demand," Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics Discussion Papers (SEEDS) 123, Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics, University of Surrey.
  • Handle: RePEc:sur:seedps:123
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Karimu, Amin & Brännlund, Runar, 2013. "Functional form and aggregate energy demand elasticities: A nonparametric panel approach for 17 OECD countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 19-27.
    2. Adom, Philip Kofi & Amakye, Kwaku & Barnor, Charles & Quartey, George & Bekoe, William, 2016. "Shift in demand elasticities, road energy forecast and the persistence profile of shocks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 189-206.
    3. Mensah, Justice Tei & Marbuah, George & Amoah, Anthony, 2016. "Energy demand in Ghana: A disaggregated analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 924-935.
    4. Brännlund, Runar, 2013. "The effects on energy saving from taxes on motor fuels: The Swedish case," CERE Working Papers 2013:6, CERE - the Center for Environmental and Resource Economics.
    5. repec:eee:enepol:v:114:y:2018:i:c:p:123-133 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Yalta, A. Talha & Yalta, A. Yasemin, 2016. "The dynamics of fuel demand and illegal fuel activity in Turkey," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 144-158.
    7. Aliyu Barde Abdullahi, 2014. "Modeling Petroleum Product Demand in Nigeria Using Structural Time Series Model (STSM) Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(3), pages 427-441.
    8. Broberg, Thomas, 2014. "Relative income and the WTP for public goods - A case study of forest conservation in Sweden," CERE Working Papers 2014:6, CERE - the Center for Environmental and Resource Economics.
    9. Tajudeen, Ibrahim A., 2015. "Examining the role of energy efficiency and non-economic factors in energy demand and CO2 emissions in Nigeria: Policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 338-350.
    10. Adewuyi, Adeolu O., 2016. "Determinants of import demand for non-renewable energy (petroleum) products: Empirical evidence from Nigeria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 73-93.
    11. Ackah, Ishmael, 2015. "Accounting for the effect of exogenous non-Economic variables on natural gas demand in oil producing African countries," MPRA Paper 81553, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-495 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Ishmael Ackah & Frank Adu & Richard Opoku Takyi, 2014. "On The Demand Dynamics of Electricity in Ghana: Do Exogenous Non-Economic Variables Count?," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 149-153.
    14. Chitnis, Mona & Hunt, Lester C., 2012. "What drives the change in UK household energy expenditure and associated CO2 emissions? Implication and forecast to 2020," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 202-214.
    15. Marbuah, George, 2014. "Understanding crude oil import demand behaviour in Ghana," MPRA Paper 60436, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Besma Talbi & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2014. "An Empirical Analysis of Energy Demand in Tunisia," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(1), pages 452-458.
    17. Bigerna, S. & Bollino, C.A. & Micheli, S. & Polinori, P., 2017. "Revealed and stated preferences for CO2 emissions reduction: The missing link," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 68(P2), pages 1213-1221.
    18. Olaniyan, Monisola J. & Evans, Joanne, 2014. "The importance of engaging residential energy customers' hearts and minds," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 273-284.
    19. David C Broadstock & Eleni Papathanasopoulou, 2013. "Gasoline demand in Greece: the importance of shifts in the underlying energy demand trend," Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics Discussion Papers (SEEDS) 141, Surrey Energy Economics Centre (SEEC), School of Economics, University of Surrey.
    20. Atalla, Tarek N. & Hunt, Lester C., 2016. "Modelling residential electricity demand in the GCC countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 149-158.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Transport oil demand; Structural Time Series Model; STSM; Underlying Energy Demand Trend; UEDT; Exogenous Non-Economic Factors; ExNEF.;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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