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Innovation Activities in Pulp, Paper and Paper Products in Europe

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Abstract

This report uses data from the Eurostat/DG-XIII Community Innovation Survey (CIS) to analyse innovation activity and innovation performance in the Pulp, Paper and Paper Products Industry in Europe. Analyses of innovation, and policy discussions of innovation, are often focused on high-R&D performing sectors such as IT, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and so on. Sectors such as Pulp and Paper are usually regarded as low-technology activities, since they perform relatively little internal R&D. However it is important to note that high-R&D sectors tend to be small in terms of output and employment. The bulk of European output and employment is found in low and medium-R&D performing industries such as Pulp and Paper. Though somewhat neglected in policy terms, such industries are vital to European competitiveness, growth and employment. This sector in particular is also very important in environmental terms. The report is in three parts. The first presents an overview of the industry in Europe - its structure, products, innovation methods, investment patterns, export specialisation and general development trends. The second part explores innovation activity in the industry, looking at tangible and intangible investments, R&D co-operation, innovation-related expenditures (and their distribution across categories), and innovation outputs (in terms of shares of turnover generated by new products). Part Three analyses innovation performance, where we distinguish between high, medium and low-performing innovators, and analyse the characteristics of high-innovating firms in the industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Keith Smith & Karl Führer & Espen Dietrichs & Errko Autio, "undated". "Innovation Activities in Pulp, Paper and Paper Products in Europe," STEP Report series 199704, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:stp:stepre:1997r04
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    File URL: http://www.step.no/reports/Y1997/0497.pdf
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    1. Paul Geroski, 1995. "Innovation and Competitive Advantage," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 159, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Reinert, Erik S., 1995. "Competitiveness and its predecessors--a 500-year cross-national perspective," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 23-42, March.
    2. Pätäri, Satu & Kyläheiko, Kalevi & Sandström, Jaana, 2011. "Opening up new strategic options in the pulp and paper industry: Case biorefineries," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 456-464, July.
    3. Hazley, Colin J., . "Forest-Based and Related Industries of the European Union - Industrial Districts, Clusters and Agglomerations," ETLA B, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy, number 160, December.

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