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Acces geographique au marche et effets du commerce sur la duree des cycles de production, la diversite des produits et la taille des etablissements de fabrication au Canada, 1974 a 1999

  • Brown, W. Mark
  • Gu, Wulong
  • Baldwin, John R.

Au cours des trois dernieres decennies, les obstacles tarifaires ont diminue de facon significative, ce qui a mene a une integration plus grande des etablissements de fabrication canadiens aux marches mondiaux, et plus particulierement le marche des Etats-Unis. On a accorde beaucoup d'attention aux effets de cette transition a l'echelle nationale, mais peu a la variation de ces effets d'une region a l'autre. Dans un pays de la taille d'un continent, il existe de bonnes raisons de croire que les effets du commerce varieront d'une region a l'autre. De facon plus particuliere, l'emplacement a un effet significatif sur la taille des marches auxquels les entreprises ont acces, et cela peut avoir des repercussions sur la mesure dans laquelle elles reorganisent leur production par suite de la diminution des obstacles tarifaires. A partir d'un fichier de microdonnees longitudinales sur les etablissements de fabrication (1974 a 1999), la presente etude a pour but d'evaluer l'effet de l'accroissement du commerce entre les regions sur l'organisation de la production a l'interieur des etablissements. L'etude a permis de determiner que des niveaux plus eleves d'intensite des exportations (exportations en proportion de la production) entre les regions comportent un lien positif avec des cycles de production plus longs, des etablissements plus importants et une plus grande specialisation des produits a l'interieur de ces etablissements. Ces effets sont les plus marques en Ontario et au Quebec, les deux provinces les mieux situees par rapport au marche des Etats-Unis.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) with number 2008052f.

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Date of creation: 09 May 2008
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Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp5f:2008052f
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