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Nouvelle analyse des tendances recentes de l'inegalite du revenu apres impot au Canada au moyen des donnees de recensement

Listed author(s):
  • Frenette, Marc
  • Green, David A.
  • Milligan, Kevin

Nous presentons de nouveaux resultats concernant les niveaux et les tendances de l'inegalite du revenu apres impot au Canada au cours de la periode allant de 1980 a 2000. Nous soutenons que les sources de donnees existantes ne revelent pas necessairement les variations dans les queues de la distribution du revenu alors qu'une grande part des changements que subit cette distribution s'y produisent. Nos donnees sont tirees des fichiers du recensement et completees par des estimations de l'impot paye calculees d'apres les renseignements disponibles dans les bases de donnees fiscales administratives. Nous validons notre methode de prevision de l'impot paye par les individus repris dans les fichiers de recensement, puis nous comparons les niveaux et les tendances de l'inegalite du revenu apres impot determines d'apres notre nouvelle source de donnees et d'apres les donnees d'enquete generalement utilisees. Nous constatons que l'inegalite du revenu apres impot est considerablement plus importante si l'on se fonde sur les nouvelles donnees, principalement parce que les niveaux de revenu a l'extremite inferieure de la distribution sont plus faibles qu'avec les donnees d'enquete habituelles. Les nouvelles donnees revelent un accroissement plus important de l'inegalite du revenu apres impot a long terme et une variabilite nettement plus forte au cours du cycle economique. Ces resultats soulevent des questions interessantes quant au role du regime d'impot et de transferts dans l'attenuation des tendances et des fluctuations de l'inegalite du revenu du marche.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2006274f.

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Date of creation: 27 Feb 2006
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2006274f
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