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Un trésor de 11 milliards d’euros ?

Author

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  • Henri Sterdyniak

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

Selon certains travaux récents, les retraités bénéficient d’avantages fiscaux de l’ordre de 11 milliards d’euros, dont la mise en cause permettrait de financer les retraites et la dépendance. L’article montre que les avantages fiscaux dont bénéficient les retraités (12,5 milliards d’euros, soit 1 375 euros par ménage) sont équivalents, ramenés à la population concernée, aux avantages dont bénéficient les actifs (25,7 milliards, soit 1 600 euros par ménage). L’État pourrait certes gagner 1,8 milliard en faisant passer le taux de CSG sur les retraites à 7,5 % et en imposant les avantages familiaux des retraités. Mais, l’équité imposerait de réindexer en même temps les retraites sur les salaires (ce qui pourrait coûter 10,4 milliards d’euros). Par ailleurs, maintenir le système actuel de retraite et faire face à la montée en charge de la dépendance nécessite 90 milliards de dépenses supplémentaires.

Suggested Citation

  • Henri Sterdyniak, 2010. "Un trésor de 11 milliards d’euros ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqi, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h84a96140
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    File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h84a96140/resources/reof-115-0015.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Deborah J. Danker & Richard A. Haas, 1985. "Small empirical models of exchange market intervention : applications to Germany, Japan, and Canada," Staff Studies 135, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Robert A. Mundell, 1962. "The Appropriate Use of Monetary and Fiscal Policy for Internal and External Stability," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 9(1), pages 70-79, March.
    3. David T. Coe & Richard Herd & Marie-Christine Bonnefous, 1987. "International Investment-Income Determination in INTERLINK: Models for 23 OECD Countries and Six Non-OECD Regions," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 45, OECD Publishing.
    4. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1976. "Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(6), pages 1161-1176, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Henri Sterdyniak, 2012. "Compétitivité, le choc illusoire... Faut-il réformer le financement de la protection sociale ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3ku, Sciences Po.
    2. Michaël Zemmour, 2013. "Les dépenses socio-fiscales ayant trait à la protection sociale : état des lieux," Working Papers hal-01064750, HAL.
    3. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/53r60a8s3kup1vc9l5689g62n is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    impôt sur le revenu; dépenses fiscales; retraites;

    JEL classification:

    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

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