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La France décroche-t-elle dans le monde et la zone euro ?

Author

Listed:
  • Eric Heyer

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Mathieu Plane

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Xavier Timbeau

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

D’après les chiffres compilés par l’OCDE et issus des comptes nationaux, le PIB par tête dans la zone euro, mesuré en parité de pouvoir d’achat, a décroché par rapport aux Etats-Unis et au Royaume-Uni à partir du début des années 1990. Même si ce type de mesure est sensible au calcul des parités de pouvoir d’achat, il attire l’attention sur une dynamique forte. La zone euro s’est relativement appauvrie depuis 1992 et c’est essentiellement de 1992 à 1999 et de 2003 à 2005 que sa situation s’est dégradée (graphique 1). Durant ces années, la zone euro a généralement réalisé une performance inférieure à son potentiel, et les Etats-Unis, voire le Royaume Uni, ont eu en revanche des croissances plutôt soutenues. Les causes de ce décrochage relatif sont en débat, notamment entre les économistes qui insistent sur le caractère inadapté et/ou restrictif du policy mix européen et ceux qui pointent la rigidité excessive des marchés du travail du continent (...).

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Heyer & Mathieu Plane & Xavier Timbeau, 2007. "La France décroche-t-elle dans le monde et la zone euro ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqi, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61r550pp
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    1. Raj Chetty & Adam Looney & Kory Kroft, 2009. "Salience and Taxation: Theory and Evidence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(4), pages 1145-1177, September.
    2. Xavier Giné & Dean Karlan & Jonathan Zinman, 2010. "Put Your Money Where Your Butt Is: A Commitment Contract for Smoking Cessation," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(4), pages 213-235, October.
    3. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2004:94:2:225-229_5 is not listed on IDEAS
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