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La France décroche-t-elle dans le monde et la zone euro ?

Listed author(s):
  • Eric Heyer

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

  • Mathieu Plane

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

  • Xavier Timbeau

    ()

    (OFCE - OFCE - Sciences Po)

D'après les chiffres compilés par l'OCDE et issus des comptes nationaux, le PIB par tête dans la zone euro, mesuré en parité de pouvoir d'achat, a décroché par rapport aux Etats-Unis et au Royaume-Uni à partir du début des années 1990. Même si ce type de mesure est sensible au calcul des parités de pouvoir d'achat, il attire l'attention sur une dynamique forte. La zone euro s'est relativement appauvrie depuis 1992 et c'est essentiellement de 1992 à 1999 et de 2003 à 2005 que sa situation s'est dégradée (graphique 1). Durant ces années, la zone euro a généralement réalisé une performance inférieure à son potentiel, et les Etats-Unis, voire le Royaume Uni, ont eu en revanche des croissances plutôt soutenues. Les causes de ce décrochage relatif sont en débat, notamment entre les économistes qui insistent sur le caractère inadapté et/ou restrictif du policy mix européen et ceux qui pointent la rigidité excessive des marchés du travail du continent (...).

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File URL: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01032406/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-01032406.

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Date of creation: 2007
Publication status: Published in Laurent Eloi, Fitoussi Jean-Paul. France 2012 : E-book de campagne à l'usage des citoyens, OFCE, pp.7-11, 2007
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01032406
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-sciencespo.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01032406
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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