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Concurrence et innovation: un défi pour l'Union européenne

Listed author(s):
  • Jean-Luc Gaffard

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Lionel Nesta

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Les divergences réelles de performances économiques entre les pays de la zone euro rendent nécessaire de définir une politique économique orientée vers la ré-industrialisation de certaines régions en Europe. Dans un monde caractérisé par l’irréversibilité des investissements et l’imperfection des informations de marché, les réformes structurelles devraient consister à établir un ensemble de mesures destinées à soutenir à la fois la concurrence et la coopération entre les différents acteurs de l’innovation, et de permettre la réussite des stratégies des entreprises. Cela requiert de reconsidérer les politiques nationales et européennes de soutien à la croissance, c’est-à-dire, la politique industrielle, la politique de la concurrence, la politique du marché du travail, la politique régionale, la politique financière. Cependant, un changement du paysage industriel de l’Europe ne sera possible qu’à la condition qu’une nouvelle politique macroéconomique prévienne la destruction inappropriée de capacités productives.

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File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/42q140raqo9i6qvhui20l1vggd/resources/gaffard-nesta.pdf
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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/42q140raqo9i6qvhui20l1vggd.

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Date of creation: May 2014
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE - Débats et politiques, 2014, pp.249-257
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/42q140raqo9i6qvhui20l1vggd
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