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Relationships between investments costs for infrastructure and for sport stadia: The case of the World Cup 2006 in Germany


  • Nicolas Büttner

    (University of Hamburg)

  • Wolfgang Maennig

    () (University of Hamburg)

  • Marco Messner

    (University of Hamburg)


This study uses the example of the 2006 soccer World Cup in Germany to examine whether any systematic relationships exist between infrastructure investments on the one hand and investments in the respective stadium on the other. Particular attention is paid to an examination of whether the relative infrastructure costs in the case of newly-built stadia differ from those relating to stadia that have been reconstructed or extended. Such systematic relationships, or “rules of thumb”, could be used in the future to simplify the prediction of the expected volume of necessary infrastructure measures for major sporting events (other soccer World Cups, the Olympic Games, etc.) on the basis of the investment required for the sports venues. Our study makes use of a cluster and discriminance analysis and concludes that such general rules cannot be derived from the 2006 World Cup in Germany.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Büttner & Wolfgang Maennig & Marco Messner, 2007. "Relationships between investments costs for infrastructure and for sport stadia: The case of the World Cup 2006 in Germany," Working Papers 0704, International Association of Sports Economists;North American Association of Sports Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:spe:wpaper:0704

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    Infrastructure investments; sport stadia costs; cluster analysis; discriminance analysis.;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

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